Web Design and Web Updates

(by S.Rivas-Sáenz)

Overview -  Development -  Java -  Web Design -  Cartography -  Diagnosis -  Statistics
Bioclimatic Stations

The bioclimatic stations show the WorldWide Bioclimatic Classification System of S.Rivas-Martinez (1982-2008), a scientific research in Bioclimatology, Biogeography and Phytosociology, through 5 essential forms or screens: 

  • Climatic Data
  • Bioclimatic Index & Diagnosis
  • Bioclimatic Graphic
  • Hydric Data
  • Hydric Graphic.

For the particular needs of those who currently use different bioclimatic indices we have also added the following forms or screens:  

  • Precipitation Parameters
  • Temperature Parameters
  • Seasonal Parameters
  • Bioclimatic Parameters
  • Climate Diagram
  • Temperature Diagram
  • Ombrothermic Diagrams
  • Other Bioclimatic Indices I
  • Other Bioclimatic Indices II
  • Summary of Classification

The way or schema to access the desired bioclimatic station is the following:

Bioclimatic Stations

As soon as possible we will include the Computerized Bioclimatic Maps which also link with the bioclimatic stations.

3 Stations without rainfall dataset have been updated on April 2019: QAISOMAH (SAUDI ARABIA), STOCKTON (USA CALIFORNIA) & FREDERICK (USA MARYLAND)

Climate Diagrams

"The climate diagram world atlas compiled by Walter and Lieth (1957-1966) has been in use continually since its appearance by geographers, phytosociologists, agronomists, and foresters.Climate diagrams are brief summaries of average climatic variables and their time course. Originally aimed at visualizing those climatic variables and their dynamics that are particularly important for the vegetation (Walter 1957, Walter and Lieth 1961-1967), they have proven useful for a wide range of sciences, industry, and teaching. In bio- and geosciences, they have been used as an instrument to show the relationships between soil, vegetation, and climate. In agronomic sciences, they were used to indicate the range for certain crops." (Climate Diagram World Atlas, CD-Series I of Climate and Biosphere, 1st edit.: H.Lieth, J.Berlekamp, S.Fuest, S. Riediger).

Climate Diagram
  1. Country name, station location and elevation, station name
  2. The length of the observation period for temperature and precipitation respectively
  3. Annual average of temperature and annual precipitation sum
  4. (red) Temperature curve
  5. (blue) Precipitation time series
  6. Indication of frost periods
  7. Mean daily max. temperature for the warmest month
  8. Mean daily min. temperature for the coldest month
Sensitive Maps

The Sensitive Maps option is an interactive search for station diagrams based on sensitive maps with HTML browser technology, well known from Internet. From a sensitive view of the world you can zoom to tiles of 20x20 degrees and find topographic maps with climate station locations. You can click any of these stations and get the climatic and bioclimatic diagrams and diagnosis. These maps as well as the climate diagrams where initially programmed for the Climate & Biosphere Cd-Series II Project

Collection of  Sensitive Maps with a scale of 1:20.000.000 and several tiles of 20x20.

  • These maps cover the entire Earth from 180W/90N to 180E/90S
  • This collection will only shows the tiles that have got at least one climatic station.

We also include the whole Map of the Earth (1:20.000.000 scale for a 800x600 screen resolution) with the published climatic stations. If you cannot load such a big picture (7879x3841 pixels) into your Web Browser, use instead a Graphic Editor.

Collection of  Sensitive Maps with a scale of 1:5.000.000 and 8 tiles of 5x5.

  • These maps only cover Spain

All the maps used by our two web sites belong to: 

  • Topographic maps of the world provided by ESRI Data & Maps (Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc. www.esri.com
  • Topographic maps of the world provided by U.S. Geological Survey"s, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198 USA. edcwww.cr.usgs.gov

Both collection of maps have been first processed into bitmaps with ArcView® GIS 3.1. and finally built into tiles and HTML applications by our programs GbcAdmin & GbcGisCd. All the commented scales are computed for a screen resolution of 800x600 pixels.

Bioclimatic Report

The Bioclimatic Report has been the usual way to compare different stations with the same bioclimate as well as to understand or to research the Bioclimatic Indexes. You may start from a particular Country (linking first to the Country Index) or from a particular Bioclimate (linking to the Bioclimate Index).

The Bioclimate Report shows the most important bioclimatic indices that are actually used to compute the bioclimatic diagnosis:

  • IT: Thermicity Index
  • ITC: Compensated Thermicity Index
  • xIT: Thermicity Index, compensated by altitude
  • xITC: Compensated Thermicity Index, compensated by altitude
  • IC: Continental Index
  • IO: Ombrothermic Index (Positive Precipitation / Positive Temperature)
  • IOV1: smalest IO-month of the summer (june/july/august or december/january/february)
  • IOV2: IO of july/august (North) or january/february (South)
  • IOV3: IO of june/july/august (North) or december/january/february (South)
  • IOV4: IO of may/june/july/august (North) or november/december/january/february (South)
  • IOS1: IO of the driest 1 month of the driest quarter
  • IOS2: IO of the driest 2 months of the driest quarter
  • IOS3: IO of the driest 3 months of the driest quarter
  • IOS4: IO of the driest 4 months of the driest quarter
  • IOC1: IO of the warmest 1 month of the warmest quarter
  • IOC2: IO of the warmest 2 months of the warmest quarter
  • IOC3: IO of the warmest 3 months of the warmest quarter
  • IOC4: IO of the warmest 4 months of the warmest quarter
  • TP: Positive temperature of the year
  • xTP: Positive temperature of the year, compensated by altitude
  • TMV3: sum temperatures of the summer * 10
  • PP: Positive precipitation of the year
  • TMAX: mountly mean normal-temperatures: maximum of the year
  • TMMAX: mountly maximum normal-temperatures: maximum of the year
  • xTMMAX: TMMAX, compensated by altitude
  • TMMIN: mountly minimum normal-temperatures: minimum of the year
  • PSS: rainfall of the hotest semester of the year
  • PSW: rainfall of the coldest semester of the year
  • PCM1: rainfall of the hotest quarter of the year
  • PCM2: rainfall of the next quarter to PCM1
  • PCM3: rainfall of the next quarter to PCM2
  • T12: mean yearly temperature of the mountly mean normal-temperatures (Ti)
  • xT12: T12 compensated by altitude
Map of the Web Site
web site
Folder Contents
book: Publications available at this web site, main folder
addenda: Addenda to the Syntaxonomical checklist of 2001
bioc: Global Bioclimatics Studie
checklist: Checklist of vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal
mapa_series:   Mapa de Series, Geoseries y Geopermaseries de vegetación de España
namerica1: Syntaxonomical Synopsis of the potential natural plant communities of N.A.  
namerica2 North American boreal and western temperate forest vegetation
css Cascading style sheet folder
data Main indexes for the bioclimatic stations
form Programming development and Bioclimatic Maps
bg_map Biogeographic Maps
bi_map Bioclimatic Maps
gs_map Other cartographic resources
tb_map Termoclimatic Maps
geo Sensitive maps 1km
java java programs of the bioclimate stations
map Sensitive maps 5km
plot Climate diagrams
report Bioclimate report
stat Statistics
station Bioclimate stations
Versions of the Web Site
Version of January 2005
HTML Version 3
Graphics (most of) PNG (Portable Network Graphics)
Java Applets JavaTM Development Kit Version 1.1
Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) NO
Inline floating frames (iframes) NO
Version of October 2008
HTML Version 4
Graphics (most of) PNG (Portable Network Graphics)
Java Applets JavaTM Development Kit Version 1.2
W3C - DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC HTML 4.01 Transitional
Cascading Style Sheet (CSS2) Tested with Msie & Opera
Inline floating frames (iframes) Yes (Header & Footer)
Character Encoding iso-8859-1 (Latin-1)
Version of May 2015
Java Applets Incompatible with Chrome and progressively restricted to "the security sandbox"
New PDF Documents With the Bioclimatic Stations. We begin to replace our java applets with pdf documents.
New Bioclimatic Maps We added the Computerized Bioclimatic Maps of the World - Draf Map Series of April 2010
New Bioclimatic Sensitive Maps We also added a collection of Sensitive Maps that link to Bioclimatic Stations
Version of June 2016
Cascading Style Sheet (CSS2) Tested with Msie Chrome, Mozilla & Opera
[ 1 ]   [ 2 ]   [ 3 ]   [ 4 ]   [ 5 ]  
CSS3 Style Properties (Transform & Borders)
CSS3 Devices Media Queries (@viewport & @media)
Character Encoding utf-8 (Unicode)
Javascript (under construction) Supports CSS3 & mobile devices [gbc.js]
Java Applets Could only be tested with Msie 11 and Windows Seven
New Bitmaps We added two collection of bitmaps (300 px and 600 px) for the bioclimatic stations. More than 7000 files in two main folders: diag300 and diag600.
Version of September 2017
Adaptation to Mobile Browsers We have been working on the Web Site Content adaptation, in other words, the capability of mobil devices to access it.
Navigator UserAgent:
Version of April 2019
Certificate Authority We support SSL/TLS from april 2019 LetsEncrypt Certificate Authority (Linux Foundation).
New Bioclimatic Graphic Format We added a new graphic format based on polygons rather than lines in our pdf documents
New Hydric Graphic Format We added a new graphic format based on polygons rather than lines in our pdf documents
New Bioclimatic Information We added a new table for the Aridity Value Index (AVI) in our pdf documents
New Bioclimatic Bitmaps We updated our 600 screen width collection [example] as well as our 300 screen width collection [example]
PDF Documents 3547 PDF Documents where updated to the last Synoptical table of worlwide bioclimatic classification..
New Bioclimatic Map Format We added several gis resources for our Computerized Bioclimatic Maps of the World
 (under construction)
 Web Site
SEO (search engine optimization) Audit & WebSite (content, technology, mobile, etc.) Audit
  • We have began a global update over all our WebSite, in order to conform to Google Search Engin.
  • We are actually setting a web page title with a dark green forecolor, because this text will be our page description for the search engines.
New Statistics from www.webalizer.org
Domain and Web Site Transfer on April 2020
OLD Hosting
  • IP (Ran Networks SL)
  • Registrar IANA ID: 1600 (www.iana1600.net)
  • Microsoft-IIS 10.0 (Microsoft Windows) with https
NEW Hosting -  [report]
  • IP (Google Cloud Server)
  • Registrar IANA ID: 895 (domains.google.com)
  • Apache 2.4 (Linux Debian) with https
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