Syntaxonomical checklist of vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal to association level

Salvador Rivas-Martínez, Federico Fernández-González, Javier Loidi, Mario Lousã & Angel Penas

Itinera Geobotanica 14: 5-341 (2001)


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Amphibious vegetation of fresh-waters, springs and fens

Vegetación dulceacuícola fontinal, anfibia y turfófila
Vegetação dulçaquícola fontinal, anfíbia e turfófila

II-A. PIONEER EPHEMERAL VEGETATION

Vegetación primocolonizadora efímera
Vegetação primocolonizadora efémera

8. Bidentetea tripartitae Tüxen, Lohmeyer & Preising ex von Rochow 1951

[Bidentetea tripartitae Tüxen, Lohmeyer & Preising in Tüxen 1950 (art. 8)]

8a. Bidentetalia tripartitae Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Klika & Hadač 1944

[Bidentetalia tripartitae Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1943 (art. 8)]

8.1. Bidention tripartitae Nordhagen 1940 em. Tüxen in Poli & J. Tüxen 1960

8.1.1. Bidentetum tripartitae Koch 1926

8.1.2. Bidenti tripartitae-Polygonetum lapathifolii Rivas-Martínez, Belmonte, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata in Sánchez-Mata 1989

8.1.3. Cypero micheliani-Ranunculetum sardoi Rivas Goday 1964

8.1.4. Myosoto aquatici-Bidentetum frondosae O. Bolòs, J.M. Montserrat & Romo 1988

8.1.5. Polygono hydropiperis-Bidentetum tripartitae Lohmeyer ex Passarge 1955

8.1.6. Spergulario-Ranunculetum scelerati O. Bolòs & Masclans 1955

[Polypogono monspeliensis-Ranunculetum scelerati Martínez-Parras & Peinado 1993 (art. 5)]

8.1.7. Xanthio italici-Polygonetum persicariae O. Bolòs 1957

[Chenopodio ambrosioidis-Polygonetum lapathifolii Peinado, Bartolomé, Martínez-Parras & Andrade 1988 (syntax. syn.)]

8.2. Chenopodion rubri (Tüxen ex Poli & J. Tüxen 1960) Kopecký 1969

[Chenopodion fluviatile Tüxen ex Poli & J. Tüxen 1960 (art. 34), Chenopodion glauci Hejný 1974 (syntax. syn.)]

8.2.1. Amarantho-Chenopodietum botryoidis Martínez-Parras, Peinado, Bartolomé & Molero 1988

9. Isoeto-Nanojuncetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk & Passchier 1946

[Isoeto-Nanojuncetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1943 (art. 8), Crypsietea aculeatae Vicherek 1973 (syntax. syn.) p.p., Isoetetea velati De Foucault 1988 (syntax. syn.), Juncetea bufonii De Foucault 1988 (art. 24, 29)]

9a. Isoetetalia Br.-Bl. 1936

[Isoetalia Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 8), Isoetetalia duriei (Br.-Bl. 1936) O. Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot 1990 (art. 29), Scirpetalia setacei De Foucault 1988 (art. 29)]

9.1. Isoetion Br.-Bl. 1936

[Isoetion Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 8), Isoetion duriei (Br.-Bl. 1936) O. Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot 1990 (art. 29)]

9.1.1. Bellio bellidioidis-Menthetum pulegii O. Bolòs & Molinier in O. Bolòs & Vigo 1972

9.1.2. Damasonio bourgaei-Crassuletum vaillantii O. Bolòs & Llorens in O. Bolòs 1966

9.1.3. Isoetetum durieui Br.-Bl. 1936

[ass. à Isoetes durieui et Juncus capitatus Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 2b)]

9.1.4. Lythro thymifoliae-Crassuletum vaillantii Rivas Goday ex Ruiz & A. Valdés 1987

9.1.5. Myosuro-Bulliardietum vaillantii Br.-Bl. 1936

9.1.6. Peplido hispidulae-Isoetetum delilei Br.-Bl. 1936 corr. Barkman, Moravec & Rauschert 1986

[ass. Isoetes setacea et Juncus pygmaeus Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 2b, 7), Isoetetum setacei Br.-Bl. 1936 (art. 43), ass. à Isoetes setacea et Peplis hispidula Br.-Bl. 1936 (art. 43)]

9.2. Preslion cervinae Br.-Bl. ex Moor 1937

[Preslion cervinae Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 8)]

9.2.1. Cypero badii-Preslietum cervinae Rivas Goday 1956

[Sisymbrello asperae-Preslietum cervinae Rivas Goday 1970 (art. 29), ass. Sisymbrella et Lythrum hyssopifolium Rivas Goday 1964 (syntax. syn.)]

9.2.2. Eryngio corniculati-Preslietum cervinae Rivas Goday 1957

[Glycerio-Antinorietum agrostideae Rivas Goday 1957 (syntax. syn.)]

9.2.3. Juncetum nanae Rivas-Martínez 1964

[Juncetum perpusilli Rivas-Martínez 1964 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.2.4. Junco capitati-Isoetetum hystricis Br.-Bl. 1936

9.2.5. Junco pygmaei-Isoetetum velati Rivas Goday 1956

9.2.6. Preslietum cervinae Br.-Bl. ex Moor 1937

[ass. à Preslia cervina et Eleocharis palustris Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 2b, 7)]

9.3. Agrostion salmanticae Rivas Goday 1958

[Pre-Isoetion Rivas Goday 1956 (art. 3b), Agrostion pourretii Rivas Goday 1958 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.3.1. Periballio laevis-Illecebretum verticillati Rivas Goday 1954

9.3.2. Peplido erectae-Agrostietum salmanticae Rivas Goday 1956

9.3.3. Pulicario uliginosae-Agrostietum salmanticae Rivas Goday 1956

[ass. Juncus capitatus et Anthemis nobilis Rivas Goday 1958 (syntax. syn.), Pulicario paludosae-Agrostietum pourretii Rivas Goday 1956 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.4. Cicendion (Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday & Borja 1961) Br.-Bl. 1967

[Cicendienion Allorge ex Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday & Borja 1961 (corresp. name), Radiolion linoidis Rivas Goday ex Pietsch 1973 (syntax. syn.)]

9.4.1. Anthemido nobilis-Menthetum pulegii Lüpnitz 1976

9.4.2. Cicendio candollei-Juncetum pygmaei Rivas Goday 1957

9.4.3. Cicendietum filiformis Allorge ex Moor 1937

[ass. à Cicendia filiformis et Stereodon arcuatus Allorge 1922 (art. 2b)]

9.4.4. Hyperico humifusi-Cicendietum filiformis Rivas Goday (1964) 1970

[Cicendietum filiformis sensu Rivas Goday 1964 non Allorge 1922 ex Moor 1937, Ophioglosso lusitanici-Cicendietum filiformis Rivas Goday 1956 (art. 3b)]

9.4.5. Isoeto-Cicendietum Br.-Bl. 1967

9.4.6. Laurentio michelii-Juncetum tingitani Rivas Goday & Borja in Rivas Goday 1968

[Solenopsio laurentiae -Juncetum tingitani Rivas Goday & Borja in Rivas Goday 1968 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.4.7. Loto subbiflori-Chaetopogonetum fasciculati Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Hyperico humifusi-Chaetopogonetum fasciculati Rivas Goday 1964 (art. 3b)]

9.4.8. Panico-Illecebretum verticillati Diemont, Sissingh & Westhoff 1940

[Digitario ischaemi-Illecebretum verticillati Diemont, Sissingh & Westhoff 1940 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.4.9. Sedetum lagascae ass. nova (addenda)

9b. Nanocyperetalia Klika 1935

9.5. Nanocyperion Koch ex Libbert 1933

[Nanocyperion Koch 1926 (art. 8), Eu-Nanocyperion flavescentis Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday & Borja 1961 (art. 29)]

9.5.1. Cyperetum flavescentis Koch ex Aichinger 1933

[Cyperetum flavescentis Koch 1926 (art. 2b)]

9.5.2. Filaginello uliginosae-Veronicetum peregrinae Molero Brion. & Romo 1988

9.5.3. Gnaphalio-Isolepidetum pseudosetacei Rivas Goday 1970

9.5.4. Gnaphalio uliginosi-Peplidetum portulae O. Bolòs 1979

9.5.5. Gnaphalio uliginosi-Spergularietum capillaceae ass. nova (addenda)

9.5.6. Hyperico tomentosi-Cyperetum flavidi Molero Brion. 1984

9.5.7. Ludwigio palustris-Cyperetum micheliani Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

9.5.8. Ranunculo paludosi-Lythretum portulae Molero Brion. & Pujadas in Molero 1984

9.5.9. Scirpo cernui-Cyperetum flavescentis Roselló 1994

9.5.10. Scirpo setacei-Stellarietum uliginosae Koch ex Libbert 1932

[Isolepis-Stellaria uliginosa ass. Koch 1926 (art. 2b), Junco bufonii-Isolepidetum setaceae O. Bolòs & Masalles in O. Bolòs 1979 (syntax. syn.)]

9.6. Verbenion supinae Slavnic 1951

[Heleochloion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952 (art. 3b), Heleochloion Br.-Bl. ex Rivas Goday 1956 (syntax. syn.)]

9.6.1. Cypero micheliani-Heleochloetum alopecuroidis Rivas Goday & E. Valdés in Rivas Goday 1970

[Cypero micheliani-Crypsietum alopecuroidis Rivas Goday & E. Valdés in Rivas Goday 1970 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.6.2. Damasonio alismatis-Crypsietum aculeatae Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

9.6.3. Digitario debilis-Fimbristyletum bisumbellatae Rivas Goday 1956 corr. Brullo & Minissale 1998

[Panico debilis-Fimbristyletum dichotomae Rivas Goday 1956 (art. 43)]

9.6.4. Glino lotoidis-Verbenetum supinae Rivas Goday 1964

9.6.5. Heleochloo schoenoidis-Fimbristyletum bisumbellatae Br.-Bl. & Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday 1956 corr. Brullo & Minisale 1998

[Heleochloo schoenoidis-Fimbristyletum dichotomae Br.-Bl. & Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday 1956 (art. 43), Crypsio schoenoidis-Fimbristyletum bisumbellatae Br.-Bl. & Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday 1956 corr. Brullo & Minisale 1998 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.6.6. Heliotropio supini-Heleochloetum schoenoidis Rivas Goday 1956

[Crypsio schoenoidis-Cyperetum micheliani Martínez-Parras, Peinado, Bartolomé & Molero 1988 (syntax. syn.), Junco gerardi-Crypsietum schoenoidis Molero Brion. & Romo 1988 p.p. (art. 37), Heliotropio supini-Crypsietum schoenoidis Rivas Goday 1956 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

9.6.7. Lythro flexuosi-Heleochloetum schoenoidis Rivas-Martínez 1966

9.6.8. Polypogono maritimi-Centaurietum spicati Alcaraz, P. Sánchez, De la Torre, Ríos & J. Alvarez 1991

9.6.9. Verbenetum supinae Sunding 1972

9.6.10. Verbeno supinae-Gnaphalietum Rivas Goday 1970

[com. prov. Gnaphalium luteo-album-Verbena supina Rivas Goday 1955 (art. 3b, 3c)]

9.7. Lythrion tribracteati Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez ex Rivas Goday 1970

[Lythrion tribracteati Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1963 (art. 3b)]

9.7.1. Gnaphalio luteo-albi-Plantaginetum intermediae Rivas Goday & Ladero in Rivas Goday 1970

9.7.2. Isolepido-Lythretum castellani Rivas Goday 1970

[Isolepido-Lythretum castiliae Rivas Goday 1970 corr. Alcaraz, P. Sánchez, De la Torre, Ríos & J. Alvarez 1991 (art. 40), Isolepido-Lythretum baeticum Rivas Goday 1970 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

IIB. VEGETATION OF LAKES, SPRINGS, FENS AND BOGS

Vegetación lacustre, fontinal y turfófila
Vegetação lacustre, fontinal e turfófila

10. Isoeto-Littorelletea Br.-Bl. & Vlieger in Vlieger 1937

[Isoeto-Littorelletales Br.-Bl. & Vlieger in Vlieger 1937 (original name), Littorelletea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1943 (art. 8), Littorelletea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk & Passchier 1946 (syntax. syn.), Juncetea bulbosi Tüxen & Dierßen 1972 (syntax. syn.)]

10a. Littorelletalia Koch 1926

10.1. Littorellion uniflorae Koch 1926

10.1.1. Isoeto lacustris-Sparganietum borderei Br.-Bl. 1948

[Isoetetum brochonii Dierßen 1975]

10.1.2. Sparganio angustifolii-Callitrichetum fontqueri Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1958

[Sparganio angustifolii-Callitrichetum platycarpae nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

10.1.3. Sparganio angustifolii-Isoetetum echinospori Rivas-Martínez & G. Navarro in G. Navarro 1987

10.1.4. Sparganio angustifolii-Isoetetum lereschi Rivas-Martínez 1964 corr. Rivas-Martínez & Prada in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Izco & Sáenz 1982

[Sparganieto-Isoetetum boryanae Rivas-Martínez 1963 (art. 43), Subulario aquaticae-Isoetetum asturicensis F. Navarro, J.A. Sánchez & C. Valle ex Rivas-Martínez & G. Navarro in G. Navarro 1987 (syntax. syn.)]

10.2. Hyperico elodis-Sparganion Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Oberdorfer 1957

[Hydrocotylo-Baldellion Tüxen & Dierßen in Dierßen 1972 (syntax. syn.)]

10.2.1. Apio inundati-Isoetetum longissimi J. Rodríguez, Romero & Ortiz 1997

10.2.2. Eleocharitetum bonariensis J. Rodríguez, Romero & Ortiz 1997

10.2.3. Fontinali-Ranunculetum lusitanici Br.-Bl., P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1952

[Fontinali antypireticae-Ranunculetum ololeuci Br.-Bl., P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1952 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

10.2.4. Eleocharitetum multicaulis Allorge 1922 em. Tüxen 1937

10.2.5. Hyperico elodis-Potametum oblongi (Allorge 1926) Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1952

10.2.6. Hyperico elodis-Rhynchosporetum rugosae Neto, Capelo, J.C. Costa & Lousã in Neto 1997

10.2.7. Hyperico elodis-Scirpetum fluitantis Rivas Goday 1964

10.2.8. Isoetetum azoricae Lüpnitz 1976

10.2.9. Junco emmanuelis-Eleocharitetum multicaulis Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

10.2.10. Junco heterophylli-Pilularietum globuliferae J. Rodríguez, Romero & Ortiz 1997

10.2.11. Lilaeopsio attenuatae-Triglochinetum striatae J. Rodríguez, Romero & Ortiz 1997

10.2.12. Ludwigio palustris-Potametum polygonifolii Peinado & A. Velasco in Peinado, Moreno & A. Velasco 1983

10.2.13. Scirpo fluitantis-Juncetum heterophylli Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

10.3. Eleocharition acicularis Pietsch 1967

10.3.1. Elatino macropodae-Eleocharitetum acicularis Cirujano, Pascual & Velayos 1986

10.3.2. Littorello-Eleocharitetum acicularis Jouanne 1925

11. Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Br.-Bl. 1948

[Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1943 (art. 8), Aconito-Cardaminetea Hadač 1956 (art. 29), Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Klika 1948 (art. 23)]

11a. Montio-Cardaminetalia Pawłowski in Pawłowski, Sokołowski & Wallisch 1928

[Cardamino-Cratoneuretalia Maas 1959 (syntax. syn.), Cardamino-Chrysosplenietalia Hinterlang 1992 (syntax. syn.)]

11.1. Cardamino-Montion Br.-Bl. 1926

[Montion Maas 1959 (syntax. syn.), Montienion (Maas 1959) Westhoff & Den Held 1969 (syntax. syn.), Philonotidion seriatae Hinterlang 1992 (syntax. syn.), Epilobio nutantis-Montion fontanae Zechmeister in Grabherr & Mucina 1993 (syntax. syn.)]

11.1.1. Montietum fontanae Br.-Bl. 1915

[Montio-Philonotidetum fontanae Büker 1942 (syntax. syn.)]

11.1.2. Montio-Bryetum schleicheri Br.-Bl. 1926

[Bryo schleicheri-Philonotidetum seriatae Luquet 1926 (syntax. syn.), Saxifragetum stellaris Chouard ex Turmel 1955 (syntax. syn.), Bryetum schleicheri Br.-Bl. 1948 (syntax. syn.), Epilobio alsinifolii-Saxifragetum stellaris Nègre 1968 (syntax. syn.)]

11.1.3. Philonotido fontanae-Montietum rivularis Büker & Tüxen in Büker 1942

11.1.4. Saxifragetum aquaticae Br.-Bl. 1948

11.2. Cratoneurion commutati Koch 1928

11.2.1. Cochleario pyrenaicae-Cratoneuretum commutati Oberdorfer ex Müller 1961

[Cochlearia pyrenaica Gess. Oberdorfer 1957, Bryo pseudotriquetri-Cochlearietum pyrenaicae Nègre 1972 (syntax. syn.)]

11.2.2. Cratoneuretum falcati Gams 1927

[Cratoneuro-Arabidetum bellidifoliae Koch 1928 (syntax. syn.)]

11.2.3. Cratoneuro filicini-Anagallidetum tenellae ass. nova (addenda)

[Cratoneuro filicini-Anagallidetum tenellae Ríos & Alcaraz in Ríos 1996 (art. 1)]

11.3. Caricion remotae Kästner 1941

[Cardaminion Maas 1959 (syntax. syn.), Cardaminenion (Maas 1959) Westhoff & Den Held 1969 (corresp. name)]

11.3.1. Cardamino flexuosae-Chrysosplenietum oppositifolii O. Bolòs 1979

[Cardamino flexuosae-Chrysosplenietum oppositifolii Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991 (art. 31), Chrysosplenio oppositifoli-Cardaminetum raphanifoliae (Br.-Bl. 1967) Loidi 1983 (art. 5), Cardaminetum latifoliae chrysosplenietosum Br.-Bl. 1967 (basion.)]

11.3.2. Cardaminetum latifoliae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952

[Cardaminetum raphanifoliae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

11.3.3. Caricetum remotae (Kästner 1941) Schwickerath 1944

11.3.4. Chrysosplenio oppositifolii-Sibthorpietum europeae De Foucault 1981

11.3.5. Saxifragetum lepismigenae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

11.3.6. Saxifrago clusii-Soldanelletum villosae Allorge ex Aizpuru & Catalán 1987

11.3.7. Stellario uliginosae-Montietum variabilis De Foucault 1981

[Stellario alsines-Montietum fontanae A. Valdés 1985 (syntax. syn.), Stellario alsines-Montietum Izco, J. Guitián & Amigo 1986 (art. 5), Stellario alsines-Montietum (chondrospermae) Izco, J. Guitián & Amigo ex T.E. Díaz & F. Prieto 1994 (syntax. syn.), Stellario alsines-Montietum chondrospermae (art. 42) Valdés 1985 corr. Izco & Amigo 2001 (art. 31)]

11.4. Myosotidion stoloniferae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

11.4.1. Myosotidetum stoloniferae Br.-Bl., P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1952

[Veronico langei-Myosotidetum stoloniferae Rivas-Martínez 1963 (syntax. syn.), Philonotido fontanae-Montietum rivularis sensu Tüxen & Oberdorfer 1958 non Büker & Tüxen in Büker 1942]

11.4.2. Sedetum campanulati ass. nova (addenda)

11.4.3. Sedo melanantheri-Saxifragetum gredensis Martínez-Parras, Peinado & Alcaraz 1987 corr. (addenda)

[Sedo melanantheri-Saxifragetum alpigenae Martínez-Parras, Peinado & Alcaraz 1987]

11.4.4. Stellario alsines-Saxifragetum alpigenae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

11.5. Ranunculion omiophyllo-hederacei all. nova (addenda)

11.5.1. Montio amporitanae-Ranunculetum hederacei ass. nova (addenda)

11.5.2. Myosotido stoloniferae-Ranunculetum omiophylli ass. nova (addenda)

11.5.3. Ranunculetum omiophylli Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Pizarro 1995

[Ranunculus lenormandi Ges. Br.-Bl. & Tüxen in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 25: 258.152 (holotypus)]

12. Phragmito-Magnocaricetea Klika in Klika & Novák 1941

[Phragmito-Magnocaricetales Klika in Klika & Novák 1941 (original name), Phragmitetea Tüxen & Preising 1942 (syntax. syn.), Bolboschoenetea Tüxen & Vicherek in Tüxen & Hülbusch 1971 (syntax. syn.), Glycerio-Nasturtietea Géhu & Géhu-Franck 1987 (syntax. syn.)]

12a. Phragmitetalia Koch 1926

[Phragmitetalia eurosibirica Tüxen & Preising 1942 (art. 34)]

12.1. Phragmition communis Koch 1926

[Phragmition australis Koch 1926 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda), Phragmition eurosibiricum Tüxen & Preising 1942 (art. 34)]

12.1a. Phragmitenion communis

12.1.1. Scirpo lacustris-Phragmitetum Koch 1926

[Schoenoplecto lacustris-Phragmitetum australis Koch 1926 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.1.2. Typhetum latifoliae Lang 1973

12.1.3. Typho angustifoliae-Phragmitetum australis (Tüxen & Preising 1942) Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991

[Scirpo-Phragmitetum mediterraneum Tüxen & Preising 1942, Scirpo lacustris-Phragmitetum mediterraneum typicum Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952 (corresp. name)]

12.1.4. Typho domingensis-Phragmitetum maximi Costa, Boira, Peris & Stübing 1986 corr. (addenda)

[Scirpo-Phragmitetum subass. à Phragmites isiacus Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 2b, 7), Typho angustifoliae-Phragmitetum maximi Costa, Boira, Peris & Stübing 1986 (art. 43)]

12.1.5. Typho-Schoenoplectetum glauci Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1958

[Typho-Schoenoplectetum tabernaemontani Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1958 nom. mut. (art. 42) (addenda)]

12.1b. Scirpenion maritimi Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Cirsio-Bolboschoenenion (Soó 1947) Passarge 1978 (art. 9, 18, 27), Cirsio brachycephali-Bolboschoenion Mucina in Balátová-Tulácková, Mucina, Ellmauer & Wallnöfer in Grabherr & Mucina 1993 (corresp. name), holotypus: Bolboschoenetum maritimi Eggler 1933, Bolboschoenenion maritimi Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.1.6. Bolboschoenetum maritimi Eggler 1933

[Scirpetum maritimi Tüxen 1937 (syntax. syn.)]

12.1.7. Cypero alopecuroidis-Scirpetum maritimi Rivas-Martínez, Wildpret, Del Arco, O. Rodríguez, Pérez de Paz, García Gallo, Acebes, T.E. Díaz & Fernández-González 1993

[Cypero alopecuroidis-Bolboschoenetum maritimi Rivas-Martínez, Wildpret, Del Arco, O. Rodríguez, Pérez de Paz, García Gallo, Acebes, T.E. Díaz & Fernández-González 1993 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12b. Nasturtio-Glycerietalia Pignatti 1954

12.2. Glycerio-Sparganion Br.-Bl. & Sissingh in Boer 1942

12.2a. Glycerio-Sparganienion

12.2.1. Alismato plantaginis-aquaticae-Sparganietum microcarpi J.A. Molina 1996

12.2.2. Rorippo microphyllae-Sparganietum erecti J.A. Molina 1996

12.2b. Glycerienion fluitantis (Géhu & Géhu-Franck 1987) J.A. Molina 1996

[Glycerion fluitantis Géhu & Géhu-Franck 1987]

12.2.3. Acrocladio cuspidati-Eleocharitetum palustris O. Bolòs & Vigo in O. Bolòs 1967

[Calliergonello cuspidatae-Eleocharitetum palustris O. Bolòs & Vigo in O. Bolòs 1967 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.2.4. Caro verticillati-Glycerietum fluitantis J.A. Molina 1996

12.2.5. Catabroso-Glycerietum plicatae Br.-Bl. 1949

[Gycerietum plicatae Oberdorfer 1957 (syntax. syn.), Catabroso aquaticae-Glycerietum notatae Br.-Bl. 1949 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.2.6. Glycerietum fluitantis Wilzek 1935

[Glycerietum fluitantis Br.-Bl. 1926 (art. 2b)]

12.2.7. Glycerio declinatae-Alopecuretum aequalis ass. nova (addenda)

12.2.8. Glycerio declinatae-Eleocharitetum palustris Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Glycerio declinatae-Antinorietum agrostideae Rivas Goday 1964 corr. J.A. Molina 1996, Glycerio spicatae-Antinorietum agrostideae Rivas Goday 1964 (art. 31) non Glycerio spicatae-Antinorietum agrostideae Rivas Goday 1957]

12.2.9. Glycerio spicatae-Eleocharitetum vulgaris J.A. Molina, Galán & Sardinero in J.A. Molina 1996

[Glycerio spicatae-Eleocharitetum palustris J.A. Molina, Galán & Sardinero in J.A. Molina 1996]

12.2.10. Oenantho globulosae-Eleocharitetum palustris O. Bolòs 1996

12.2c. Phalaridenion arundinaceae (Kopecký 1961) J.A. Molina 1996

[Phalaridion arundinaceae Kopecký 1961 (corresp. name)]

12.2.11. Agrostio stoloniferae-Phalaridetum arundinaceae Peris in Esteso 1992

12.2.12. Glycerio declinatae-Oenanthetum crocatae Rivas-Martínez, Belmonte, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata in Sánchez-Mata 1989

12.2.13. Oenantho crocatae-Phalaridetum arundinaceae J.A. Molina 1996

12.3. Nasturtion officinalis Géhu & Géhu-Franck 1987

12.3.1. Apietum bermejoi ass. nova (addenda)

12.3.2. Catabrosetum aquaticae Rübel 1912

12.3.3. Glycerio declinatae-Apietum nodiflori J.A. Molina 1996

12.3.4. Glycerio declinatae-Apietum repentis J.A. Molina 1996

12.3.5. Glycerio fluitantis-Catabrosetum aquaticae Loidi 1983

[Glycerio declinatae-Catabrosetum aquaticae T.E. Díaz & Penas 1984 (syntax. syn.)]

12.3.6. Helosciadietum nodiflori Maire 1924

[Polypogono monspeliensis-Nasturtietum officinalis Carretero & Boira 1984 (syntax. syn.)]

12.3.7. Rumicetum azoricae Lüpnitz 1976

12c. Magnocaricetalia Pignatti 1954

12.4. Magnocaricion elatae Koch 1926

[Caricion rostratae Balátová-Tulácková 1963 (syntax. syn.), Caricion gracilis Neuhäusl 1959 em. Balátová-Tulácková 1963 (syntax. syn.)]

12.4.1. Caricetum acutiformis Sauer 1937

12.4.2. Caricetum camposi-paniculataeass. nova (addenda)

12.4.3. Caricetum elatae Koch 1926

12.4.4. Caricetum paniculatae Wangerin 1916

12.4.5. Caricetum vesicariae Chouard 1924

12.4.6. Carici paniculatae-Eriophoretum latifoliae O. Bolòs & Vives in O. Bolòs 1956

[Cirsio rivularis-Caricetum paniculatae Nègre 1972 (syntax. syn.), Eriophoro latifoliae-Caricetum paniculatae O. Bolòs & Vives in O. Bolòs 1956 nom. inv. (art. 42) (addenda)]

12.4.7. Cladietum marisci Zobrist 1935

12.4.8. Cladio marisci-Caricetum hispidae O. Bolòs 1967

12.4.9. Eupatorio cannabini-Caricetum elatae Biurrun, J.A. Molina & Loidi in Biurrun 1999

12.4.10. Hydrocotylo-Mariscetum serrati Rivas Goday & Mansanet 1958

12.4.11. Irido pseudacori-Polygonetum serrulati O. Bolòs 1957

[Irido pseudacori-Polygonetum salicifolii O. Bolòs 1967 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.4.12. Leucojo aestivi-Caricetum ripariae Br.-Bl. 1936

12.4.13. Mentho-Caricetum calderae Wildpret, Socorro & León 1987

12.4.14. Soncho maritimi-Cladietum marisci (Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1958) Cirujano 1980

[Mariscetum oligohalinum Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1958 (art. 34)]

12.5. Caricion broterianae (Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata 1986) J.A. Molina 1996

[Caricenion broterianae Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata 1986 (corresp. name), Caricion reuterianae (Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata 1986) J.A. Molina 1996 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.5.1. Caricetum mauritanicae Díez-Garretas, Cuenca & Asensi 1988

12.5.2. Caricetum pseudocypero-lusitanicae Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

12.5.3. Galio broteriani-Caricetum broterianae Rivas-Martínez ex Fuente 1986

[Galio broteriani-Caricetum reuterianae nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.5.4. Galio palustris-Caricetum lusitanicae Rivas-Martínez, Belmonte & Sánchez-Mata in Sánchez-Mata 1989

12.5.5. Holco reuteri-Caricetum acutiformis Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González, Sánchez-Mata & Pizarro 1990

12.5.6. Irido pseudacori-Caricetum lusitanicae Bellot ex T.E. Díaz & F. Prieto 1994

12.6. Deschampsion argenteae Capelo, J.C. Costa, Lousã, Fontinha, Jardim, Sequeira & Rivas-Martínez 2000

12.6.1. Deschampsietum argenteae Sjögren ex Capelo, J.C. Costa, Lousã, Fontinha, Jardim, Sequeira & Rivas-Martínez 2000

[Dactylorhizo foliosae-Deschampsietum argenteae De Foucault 2000 (syntax. syn.)]

12.6.2. Peucedano lowei-Oenanthetum divaricatae De Foucault 2000

12d. Scirpetalia compacti Hejný in Holub, Hejný, Moravec & Neuhäusl 1967 corr. Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Bolboschoenetalia maritimi Hejný in Holub, Hejný, Moravec & Neuhäusl 1967 (nomencl. syn.), Bolboschoenetalia compacti Dahl & Hadač 1941 corr. Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7. Scirpion compacti Dahl & Hadač 1941 corr. Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Scirpion maritimi Dahl & Hadač 1941, Scirpion maritimo-compacti Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980 (art. 22), Scirpion compacto-litoralis Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980 (syntax. syn.) Bolboschoenion compacti Dahl & Hadač 1941 corr. Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7.1. Scirpetum compacti Van Langendock 1931 corr. Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997

[Halo-Scirpetum maritimi Dahl & Hadač 1941, Scirpetum maritimi Van Langendock 1931 (art. 43), Bolboschoenetum compacti Van Langendock 1931 corr. Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7.2. Scirpo compacti-Phragmitetum australis Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997

[Bolboschoeno compacti-Phragmitetum australis Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7.3. Scirpetum compacto-litoralis (Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952) O. Bolòs 1962 corr. Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés 1980

[Scirpetum maritimi phragmitetosum isiaci Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952 (basion.), Scirpetum maritimo-litoralis (Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952) O. Bolòs 1962 (art. 43), Bolboschoeno compacti-Scirpetum litoralis (Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952) O. Bolòs 1962 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7.4. Scirpetum compacto-tabernaemontani Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997

[Bolboschoeno compacti-Scirpetum tabernaemontani Bueno & F. Prieto in Bueno 1997 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

12.7.5. Scirpetum pungentis Vanden Berghen 1969

13. Oxycocco-Sphagnetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk & Passchier 1946

[Oxycocco-Sphagnetea Br.-Bl. & Tüxen 1943 (art. 8)]

13a. Erico tetralicis-Sphagnetalia papillosi Schwickerath 1940 em. Br.-Bl. 1949

[Eriophoro vaginati-Sphagnetalia papillosi Tüxen in Tüxen, Miyawaki & Fujiwara 1972 (syntax. syn.)]

13.1. Ericion tetralicis Schwickerath 1933

[Calluno-Sphagnion papillosi Tüxen in Tüxen, Miyawaki & Fujiwara 1972 (syntax. syn.)]

13.1a. Ericenion tetralicis

13.1.1. Erico tetralicis-Sphagnetum acutifolii Touffet 1969 (art. 1)

13.1.2. Tetralico-Narthecietum ossifragi Br.-Bl. 1967

[Erico tetralicis-Narthecietum ossifragi Br.-Bl. 1967 nom. mut. propos. Biurrun 1999: 117 (art. 14, 45)]

13.1b. Trichophorenion germanici Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

13.1.3. Calluno vulgaris-Sphagnetum capillifolii F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987

13.1.4. Calluno vulgaris-Sphagnetum subnitentis Casanovas 1992

13.1.5. Drosero anglicae-Narthecietum ossifragi F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado in T.E. Díaz & F. Prieto 1994

13.1.6. Erico tetralicis-Trichophoretum germanici Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

13.1.7. Junco squarrosi-Sphagnetum compacti Br.-Bl., P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1952

13.1.8. Narthecio ossifragi-Sphagnetum tenelli F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987

13.1.9. Narthecio ossifragi-Trichophoretum Br.-Bl. 1948

[Pediculari mixtae-Scirpetum caespitosi Vanden Bergen & Peeters 1982 (syntax. syn.), Pediculari mixtae-Narthecietum Vanden Bergen & Peeters 1982 (syntax. syn.)]

13.1.10. Sphagno subnitentis-Ericetum tetralicis Ballesteros, Baulies, Canalís & Sebastià ex Rivas-Martínez & Costa 1998

[Sphagno subnitentis-Ericetum tetralicis Ballesteros, Baulies, Canalís & Sebastià 1983 (art. 5)]

13.2. Erico mackaianae-Sphagnion papillosi (F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987) Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi 1999

[Erico mackaianae-Sphagnenion papillosi F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987 (corresp. name)]

13.2.1. Erico mackaianae-Sphagnetum papillosi F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987

14. Scheuchzerio-Caricetea fuscae Tüxen 1937

[Scheuchzerio-Caricetales fuscae Tüxen 1937 (original name), Parvocaricetea Westhoff in Westhoff & Den Held 1969 (syntax. syn.), Scheuchzerietea palustris Den Held, Barkman & Westhoff in Westhoff & Den Held 1969 (syntax. syn.), Caricetea limosae Malmer 1968 (syntax. syn.), Scheuchzerio palustris-Caricetea nigrae Tüxen 1937 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

14a. Scheuchzerietalia palustris Nordhagen 1936

14.1. Rhynchosporion albae Koch 1926

[Scheuchzerion palustris Nordhagen 1936 (syntax. syn.)]

14.1.1. Drosero intermediae-Rhynchosporetum albae Allorge ex F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987

14.1.2. Drosero longifoliae-Caricetum limosae Rivas-Martínez in Loidi, Biurrun & Herrera 1997 corr. (addenda)

[Drosero intermediae-Caricetum limosae Rivas-Martínez in Loidi, Biurrun & Herrera 1997 (art. 43)]

14.1.3. Eleocharito multicaulis-Rhynchosporetum albae ass. nova (addenda)

[Eleocharito multicaulis-Rhynchosporetum Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer 1958 (art. 3f, 7), Eleocharito multicaulis-Rhynchosporetum albae Tüxen ex C. Valle & F. Navarro 1984 (art. 5)]

14b. Caricetalia fuscae Koch 1926 em. Br.-Bl. 1949

[Caricetalia goodenowii Nordhagen 1936 (art. 31), Drepanocladetalia exannulati Krajina 1933 (syntax. syn.), Anagallido tenellae-Juncetalia Br.-Bl. 1967 (syntax. syn.), Caricetalia nigrae Koch 1926 em. Br.-Bl. 1949 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

14.2. Caricion fuscae Koch 1926 em. Klika 1934

[Caricion canescenti-goodenowii Nordhagen 1936 (art. 29), Drepanocladion exannulati Krajina 1933 (syntax. syn.), Caricion nigrae Koch 1926 em. Klika 1934 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda), Caricenion carpetanae Rivas-Martínez & Cantó 1987 (corresp. name), Caricion intricatae Quézel 1953 (syntax. syn.)]

14.2.1. Calliergono straminei-Jucetum filiformis Nègre 1972

14.2.2. Caricetum echinato-nigrae (Rivas-Martínez 1964) corr. et nom. nov.

[Caricetum carpetanae Rivas-Martínez 1964 (art. 43) (nomencl. syn.), Caricetum ibericae Rivas-Martínez (1964) 1989 (art. 43, 31, 39) (addenda)

14.2.3. Caricetum fuscae Br.-Bl. 1915

[Luzulo sudeticae-Caricetum canescentis Nègre 1968 (syntax. syn.), Calliergonello cuspidatae-Ranunculetum flammulae Nègre 1972 (syntax. syn.), Caricetum nigrae Br.-Bl. 1915 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

14.2.4. Caricetum rostratae Osvald 1923 em. Dierßen 1982

14.2.5. Carici echinatae-Trichophoretum caespitosi ass. nova (addenda)

[ass. à Scirpus caespitosus Turmel 1955 non Thimm 1953, Primulo integrifoliae-Trichophoretum caespitosi Gruber 1978 (art. 1)]

14.2.6. Carici nigrae-Sphagnetum recurvi Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez ex F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987 corr. (addenda)

[Carici carpetanae-Sphagnetum recurvi Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez ex F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987 (art. 43), Caricetum fuscae arvaticum Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1959 (art. 3b)]

14.2.7. Eleocharitetum quinqueflorae Ludi 1921

14.2.8. Eriophoretum scheuchzeri Br.-Bl. in Nègre 1972

14.2.9. Festuco rivularis-Veronicetum turbicolae Quézel 1953 corr. (addenda)

[Festuco rivularis-Veronicetum nevadensis Quézel 1953 (art. 43)]

14.2.10. Leontodonto microcephali-Ranunculetum uniflori Esteve & P. Prieto in P. Prieto 1971

[Ranunculo alismoidis-Caricetum intricatae Martínez-Parras, Peinado & Alcaraz 1987 (syntax. syn.)]

14.2.11. Pinguiculo nevadensis-Eleocharitetum quinqueflorae ass. nova (addenda)

14.2.12. Potentillo palustris-Caricetum carpetanae F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987

[Potentillo palustris-Caricetum nigrae F. Prieto, M.C. Fernández & Collado 1987 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

14.2.13. Sedo lagascae-Eriophoretum latifolii Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Sánchez-Mata 1986

14.3. Anagallido tenellae-Juncion bulbosi Br.-Bl. 1967

14.3.1. Anagallido tenellae-Juncetum bulbosi Br.-Bl. 1967

14.3.2. Arnicetum atlanticae Bellot 1968

14.3.3. Sibthorpio europeae-Pinguiculetum lusitanicae Ladero & A. Velasco in A. Velasco 1980

14c. Caricetalia davallianae Br.-Bl. 1949

[Tofieldietalia Preising in Oberdorfer 1949 (art. 8)]

14.4. Caricion davallianae Klika 1934

[Schoenion ferruginei Nordhagen 1936 (art. 29), Hydrocotylo-Schoenion nigricantis De Foucault 1984 (art. 1)]

14.4.1. Carici frigidae-Pinguiculetum grandiflorae Br.-Bl. 1948

[Carici frigidae-Pinguiculetum grandiflorae Br.-Bl. 1948 nom. propos. in Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991, Pinguiculo-Caricetum umbrosae Br.-Bl. 1948 corr. Vigo 1996 (art. 43), Pinguiculo-Caricetum huetianae Br.-Bl. 1948 corr. Vigo 1996, Pinguiculo grandiflorae-Caricetum frigidae Br.-Bl. 1948 nom. inv. (art. 42) (addenda)]

14.4.2. Pinguiculo vulgaris-Caricetum davallianae Turmel 1955

[Caricetum davallianae primuletosum integrifoliae Br.-Bl. 1948 (syntax. syn.), ass. à Carex davalliana et Pinguicula vulgaris Turmel 1955 (original name art. 10), Pediculari sylvaticae-Caricetum davallianae Oberdorfer & Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer 1958 (syntax. syn.), Carici davallianae-Eriophoretum latifolii Nègre 1972 (syntax. syn.), Caricetum davallianae auct. pyr. non Dutoit 1924, Caricetum davallianae sensu Casanovas 1996 non Koch 1928 nec Dutoit 1924]

14.4.3. Pinguiculo grandiflorae-Caricetum lepidocarpae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984

14.4.4. Primulo farinosae-Caricetum lepidocarpae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas ex Loidi, F. Prieto, Bueno & Herrera in Herrera 1995

[Primulo farinosae-Caricetum lepidocarpae Rivas-Martínez, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas 1984 (art. 2b)]

14.4.5. Swertio perennis-Caricetum nigrae Vigo 1984

14.4.6. Tofieldio calyculatae-Caricetum pulicaris ass. nova (addenda)

[Carici pulicaris-Eriophoretum latifolii sensu Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991 non Carici paniculatae-Eriophoretum latifolii O. Bolòs & Vives 1956]

14.4.7. Tofieldio calyculatae-Trichophoretum caespitosi Ballesteros, Baulies, Canalís & Sebastià ex Rivas-Martínez & Costa 1998

[Tofieldio-Scirpetum caespitosi Ballesteros, Baulies, Canalís & Sebastià 1983 (art. 5)]

14.5. Caricion juncifoliae Br.-Bl. in Volk 1940

[Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae Norhagen 1936 (art. 8), Caricion atrofusco-saxatilis Norhagen 1943 (syntax. syn.), Caricion maritimae Br.-Bl. in Volk 1940 nom. mut. (art. 45) (addenda)]

14.5.1. Caricetum bicoloris Benito 2001 (in press.)

14.5.2. Equiseto variegati-Salicetum hastatellae Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991

15. Utricularietea intermedio-minoris Pietsch 1965

15a. Utricularietalia intermedio-minoris Pietsch 1965

15.1. Sphagno-Utricularion Müller & Görs 1960

15.1.1. Sphagno-Utricularietum minoris Fijalkowski 1960

15.1.2. Utriculario exoletae-Sphagnetum auriculati Neto, Capelo, J.C. Costa & Lousã 1996