Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal. Addenda to the Syntaxonomical checklist of 2001

Salvador Rivas-Martínez, Tomás E. Díaz, Federico Fernández-González, Jesús Izco, Javier Loidi, Mario Lousã & Ángel Penas

Itinera Geobotanica 15(1-2): 5-922 (2002)


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Adjustments and additions to Syntaxonomical Checklist of Spain & Portugal (2001)

Errors detected either in the application of the Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature referred to authorities, or in the placement of several syntaxa appeared in Itinera Geobot. 14:5-341, 2001, are here corrected. The names of the new syntaxa published from June to December 2001, as well as the new syntaxa here proposed are also listed, numbered or brought to synonymy, as needed.

Allio montani-Stipetum eriocaulis I. Soriano in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 47: 127, tb. 63. 2001, is a new association of the calcareous Eastern Pyrenees that seems to be better included in Ononidion striatae Br.-Bl. & Susplugas in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 84: 669. 1937 as (52.2.4).

Agropyrenion farcti Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Lazaroa 2: 64. 1980 (16.2b), syntaxon name used in Itinera Geobot. 14: 35. 2001, should be designated as Elytrigienion junceae because the valid name is Elytrigia juncea (L.) Nevski and not Agropyron farctum (Viv.) Rothm. (= Elytrigia mediterranea (Simonet & Guin.) Prokudin º Agropyron junceum subsp. mediterraneum Simonet & Guin. nom. superfl. = Agropyron junceum (L.) P. Beauv.).

Agrostietum nebulosae Ladero, F. Navarro, C.J. Valle & Gallego 1984 ass. nova hoc loco (22.3.6). Typus associatio: Polypogono maritimi-Hordeetum marini agrostietosum nebulosae Ladero, F. Navarro, C.J. Valle & Gallego in Doc. Phytosoc. 8: 169, tb., holotypus núm. 11. 1984. Charact. ass.: Agrostis nebulosa Boiss. & Reut. Diagnosis: Pioneer ephemeral community on flat loamy slightly inundated saline soils spread in meso-supramediterranean Douro-Castilian and Manchean biogeographic territories.

Androsacion ciliatae Rivas-Martínez, Publ. Inst. Est. Altoarag. (Homenaje a Pedro Montserrat): 723. 1988 (46.3), Pyrenean upper-cryorotemperate early snow-free of poor or rich congelifracted slopes or screes communities. We estimate again [Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 13: 378. 1999] that Androsacion ciliatae seems to be better placed in the nival Alpine and Pyrenean order Drabetalia hoppeanae Zollitsch in Oberdorfer, Görs, Korneck, Lohmeyer, Müller, Philippi & Seibert 1967 as (33.16) [Drabetalia hoppeanae Zollitsch 1966 nom. inval. (art. 1), Drabetalia hoppeanae Zollitsch in Merxmüller & Zollitsch 1967 (art. 33), Drabetalia hoppeanae Zollitsch 1968 (art. 31)], than in the order Caricetalia curvulae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. & Jenny 1926 [Itinera Geobot. 14: 102. 2001.]

Aperetalia spicae-venti J. Tüxen & Tüxen in Malato-Beliz, J. Tüxen & Tüxen in Mitt. Florist.-Soziol. Arbeitsgem. 8: 146. 1960 (39b), that corresponds with the Eurosiberian and Mediterranean cereal weed communities on sandy or sandy-loamy poor soils only represented in West Europe by Scleranthion annui (39.4), could be considered as syntaxonomic synonym of Centaureetalia cyani Tüxen ex Von Rochow 1951 (39a).

Aquilegio hirsutissimae-Xatardietum scabrae O. Bolòs & P. Montserrat in O. Bolòs 1974 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 67. 2001 (33.1.2), sub Aquilegio-Xatardietum scabrae O. Bolòs & P. Montserrat in O. Bolòs, Miscellanea Alcobe: 80. 1974, should be named Aquilegio montsiccianae-Xatardietum scabrae according to the protologue and the characteristic specie: Aquilegia viscosa subsp. montsicciana (Font Quer) O. Bolòs & Vigo.

Arenarietum viridis O. Bolòs in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(1): 195. 1956 (50.13.2), by error "1967", placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 111. 2001 in Trachynion distachyae, should be removed into Frankenion pulverulentae (22.2) as the new number (22.2.10).

Arenario frigidae-Festucetum indigestae Rivas-Martínez 1965 corr. hoc loco (49.1.3)

[Arenario imbricatae-Festucetum indigestae Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 22: 374. 1965 (art. 43). Wrong year of publication.]

Arenario intricatae-Polypodietum cambrici M.B. Crespo in Ecol. Medit. 19: 3-5. 1993 nom. mut. propos. (30.1.2), placed in Polypodion serrati in Itinera Geobot. 14: 62. 2001, should be removed into Bartramio-Polypodienion cambrici (O. Bolòs & Vives in O. Bolòs 1957) Rivas-Martínez suball. nova hoc loco (30.1b) as (30.1.10).

Aristolochio sempervirentis-Quercion ilicis Barbero & Quézel ex Rivas-Martínez all. nova hoc loco (75.15) (Holotypus: Chamaecytiso cretici-Quercetum ilicis Barbero & Quézel in Ecol. Medit. (Marseille) 5: 193, tb. 5, rel. 1. 1980)

[Cyclamini cretici-Quercion brachyphyllae-ilicis Barbero & Quézel in Ecol. Medit. (Marseille) 5: 180. 1980 (arts. 5, 10)]

Upper thermo to lower supramediterranean subhumid-humid Quercus ilex subsp. ilex, Quercus brachyphylla and Quercus macrolepis evergreen and uncommon semidecidous natural potential vegetation mesoforest communities of Eastern Mediterranean Subregion, characterized by Aristolochia sempervirens L., Cyclamen creticum Hildebr., Hypericum empetrifolium Willd., Quercus brachyphylla Kotschy, Quercus macrolepis Kotschy.

Astrantio majoris-Coryletum avellanae Rivas Goday & Borja in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 19: 31, tb. 1. 1961 (76.12.2), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 183. 2001 in Corylo-Populion tremulae (76.12), should be moved to Berberidenion seroi: Berberidion vulgaris as (66.1.20).

Atriplicetum hastato-tornabeni O. Bolòs, El paisaje vegetal barcelonés: 110, tb. 66. 1962 (17.2.1) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 37. 2001, should be named Atriplicetum hastato-tarraconensis O. Bolòs 1962 corr. O. Bolòs & Vigo, Flora dels Països Catalans 1: 70. 1984, because Atriplex tornabenei Tineo in Guss. seems to be Atriplex rosea subsp. tarraconensis (Sennen) O. Bolòs & Vigo (cf. Flora dels Països Catalans 2: 781. 1990).

Avenello ibericae-Quercetum orocantabricae Rivas-Martínez, Amigo, Bueno, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Izco, Penas & Puente ass. nova hoc loco (76.8.9) [New association.]

Aveno cantabricae-Seslerietum hispanicae Br.-Bl. in Vegetatio 14(1-4): 61, tb. 22. 1967 (52.5.2), should be named Helictotricho cantabrici-Seslerietum hispanicae Br.-Bl. 1967 nom. mut. [Aveno cantabricae-Seslerietum hispanicae Br.-Bl. 1967, by error Helictotricho cantabrici-Seslerietum argenteae Br.-Bl. 1967 nom. mut. (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 116. 2001] because according to Braun-Blanquet (1967) the Sesleria of the calcareous mountains of Basque Country belongs to the endemic Sesleria argentea subsp. hispanica (Pau & Sennen) V. Allorge & P. Allorge and not to the Italian Sesleria argentea (Savi) Savi.

Balloto-Conion maculati Brullo in Brullo & Marcenó in Coll. Phytosociol. 12: 90. 1985 (40.4), is the prioritarious valid name of Conio maculati-Sambucion ebuli (O. Bolòs & Vigo ex Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991) all. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 94. 2001 (40.4), and its principal synonyms and corresponding names are: Sambucion ebuli (O. Bolòs & Vigo ex Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi 1991) Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 45: 493. 1998 (art. 2b) non Sambucion ebuli Eliás 1986, Sambucenion ebuli Folch, La vegetació dels Països Catalans: 418. 1981 (art. 2b, 8), Sambucenion ebuli O. Bolòs & Vigo, Flora dels Països Catalans 1: 73. 1984 (art. 8), Sambucenion ebuli Rivas-Martínez ex Alcaraz, Flora y vegetación del NE de Murcia: 226. 1984 (art. 5), Sambucenion ebuli O. Bolòs & Vigo ex Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 5: 372. 1991 (art. 27a, 46H) (nomencl. syn.), Sambucenion ebuli O. Bolòs & Vigo ex Alcaraz, P. Sánchez, De la Torre, Ríos & J. Alvarez, Guía Geobotánica de la Excursión de la XI Jornadas de Fitosociología: 85. 1991 (art. 31).

Beto maritimae-Lavateretum arboreae ass. nova (37.4.2), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 79. 2001 in Medicagini citrinae-Lavaterion arboreae O. Bolòs, Folch & Vigo in O. Bolòs & Vigo in Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 73: 184. 1984 (37.4) seems provisionally to be better to include in Dauco-Melilotion Görs 1966 as (34.4.6).

Brassico almeriensis-Pterocephaletum spathulati Lorite, F.B. Navarro, Algarra, Gallardo & F. Valle in Fitosociología 38(1): 19. 2001 (64.14.8). [Latterly published new association.]

Bromo-Oryzopsion miliaceae O. Bolòs in Vegetatio 21: 49. 1970 (34.6), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 73. 2001 in Agropyretalia repentis (34b) by its floristical and ecological characters seems to be better included in the order Carthametalia lanati Brullo in Brullo & Marcenò in Coll. Phytosociol. 12: 113. 1985 (34d).

Bromo ramosi-Eupatorienion cannabini (O. Bolòs & Masalles in O. Bolòs 1983) I. Soriano in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 47: 85. 2001, has been proposed as an auxiliary rank of Calystegion sepium Tüxen ex Oberdorfer 1957 nom. mut. as (40.5b).

Caricetum camposii-cuprinae Salazar, Lorite, Cano & F. Valle in Stud. Geobot. 20: 19, tb. 2. 2001 (59.3.11), should be accepted as prioritary name of Junco effussi-Caricetum camposii ass. nova (59.3.11) (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 126. 2001.

Carici camposii-Salicetum atrocinereae Salazar, Lorite, Cano & F. Valle in Stud. Geobot. 20: 25, tb. 7. 2001 (71.3.11). [Latterly published new association.]

Carici paniculatae-Eriophoretum latifolii O. Bolòs & Vives in O. Bolòs in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(1): 219, tb. 22. 1956 (12.4.6)

[Carici paniculatae-Eriophoretum latifolii O. Bolòs & Vives 1956 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 33. 2001. Wrong authors citation.]

Catabroso-Glycerietum plicatae Br.-Bl. in Vegetatio 1: 285. 1949 (12.2.5), is not a validly published name (art. 2b); it seems that the first valid name for this Eurosiberian mesotrophic aquatic community of Glyceria notata Chevall. (= Glyceria plicata (Fr.) Fr.) belongs to Glycerietum plicatae Kulczynski in Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. et Lettr. Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. B. 57. 1928 (Glycerietum notatae Kulczynski 1928 nom. mut. propos.)

Centaureo mariolensis-Festucetum gautieri Solanas, M.B. Crespo, Alcaraz & Ríos, Vegetación y cambios climáticos (F. Gómez Mercado & J.F. Mota (eds.): 323, tb. 6. 2001 (52.7.15). [Latterly published new association.]

Cicendio filiformis-Solenopsion laurentiae Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 275. 1998, (holotypus: Laurentio-Anthocerotetum dichotomi Br.-Bl. in Bull. Soc. Et. Sci. Nat. Nimes 47: 9. 1935) could be included in Isoetion Br.-Bl. in Bull. Soc. Et. Sci. Nat. Nimes 47: 1. 1935 (9.1) (lectotypus: Isoetetum durieui Br.-Bl. 1935, ap. Brullo & Minissale, l.c.).

Cirsio micranthi-Scirpetum holoschoeni Lorite, Salazar, Cano & F. Valle in Salazar, Lorite, Cano & F. Valle in Stud. Geobot. 20: 25, tb. 5. 2001, should be included as a geographical race in the most general Holoschoenetum vulgaris Br.-Bl. ex Tchou 1948 (59.7.11).

Cisto clusii-Ulicetum rivasgodayani Nieto & Cabezudo in Nieto, Cabezudo & Trigo in Acta Bot. Malacitana Bot. Malacitana 14: 163, tb. 1. 1989 (64.2.3), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 144. 2001 in Saturejo-Coridothymenion (64.2b) should be moved to Lavandulion lanatae as 64.15.8.

Cisto salviifolii-Sarothamnetum catalaunici A. & O. Bolòs in O. Bolòs in Veröff. Ver. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 31: 84. 1956 (62.1.6) should be accepted as the priority valid name for the secondary scrub communities growing in eroded silicicolous soils, chiefly organized by Cistus (C. salviifolius, C. monspeliensis, C. ladanifer), Lavandula stoechas, Calicotome spinosa and Ulex parviflorus in mesomediterranean subhumid Catalonia (Vallesan-Empordanese included the humid oceanic "Catalanidic" and "Ruscinic" territories) of calcifugous Quercenion ilicis: Viburno-Quercetum ilicis and Carici-Quercetum suberis natural potential vegetation zones. The main synonyms of the association are Lavandulo stoechadis-Cistetum monspeliensis (Lapraz 1974) Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González, Loidi, Lousã & Penas in Itinera Geobot. 14: 139. 2001 (art. 5), Cistetum catalaunicum cistetosum monspeliensis Lapraz in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 9: 90, tb. 1. 1974 (lectotypus hoc loco rèl. 78) (corresp. name), ass. Cistus crispus-Calicotome spinosa Br.-Bl. 1940 subass. de Cistus salviifolius A. & O. Bolòs, Veg. Com. Barcelonesas: 133. 1950 (at. 3b) (lectotypus: O. Bolòs in Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona 45: 516. 1983 sub Cisto salviifolii-Sarothamnetum catalaunici), Lupino angustifolii-Lavanduletum stoechadis Franquesa in Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 109: 92, tb. 1, rèl. 3. 1995 (syntax. syn., art. 37?). As Sarothamnus catalaunicus Webb (Cytisus catalaunicus (Webb) Briq.) is an infrequent and non characteristic specie of the association (only differential of territory) should be a better name: Cytiso catalaunici-Cistetum salviifolii A. & O. Bolòs in O. Bolòs 1956 nom. inv. et nom. mut. (art. 42, 45).

Cochleario navarranae-Linarietum odoratissimae P. Montserrat & Villar in Doc. Phytosoc. 7/8: 11, tb. 1974. This omited but well characterized Cantabrian-Basque (Navarro-Alavés District) scree association should be included in the alliance Iberido-Linarion propinquae with the new number (33.5.4).

Corylo-Populion tremulae (Br.-Bl. ex O. Bolòs 1973) Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 45: 489. 1998 (76.12), Corylo-Populenion tremulae Br.-Bl. ex O. Bolòs in Pirineos 108. 82. 1973 (76.12a) and Pulmonario affinis-Betulenion pendulae suball. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 183. 2001 (76.12b), should be consider as same syntaxon.

Crataego monogynae-Loniceretum arboreae O. Bolòs in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 4(2): 282, tb. 12. 1954 (66.3.2), should be named Crataego granatensis-Loniceretum arboreae O. Bolòs 1954 because as O. Bolòs (1954) suspected the Crataegus in the releves is Crataegus granatensis Boiss.

Crepido albidae-Erinetum alpini Br.-Bl. in Vegetatio 13(3): 138, tb. 2. 1966 (27.3.7)

Crepido-Erinetum Br.-Bl. 1966 [Lectotypus: Romo in Monogr. Inst. Pir. Ecol. (Jaca) 4: 739. 1988], should be considered nomen dubium (art. 37) because the combination complex in the releves of Teucrio pyrenaici-Bromion erecti grassland species and some broad rupicolous Asplenietea trichomanis species do not permit it to be assigned to any association distinguished today. Consequently Sedo-Seslerion Br.-Bl. in Vegetatio 13(3): 138. 1966, is also a nomen dubium (art. 38), and Drabo dedeanae-Saxifragetum trifurcatae C. Navarro in Lazaroa 4: 119, tb. 1. 1983 the correct valid name (art. 22), should be placed into Drabo dedeanae-Saxifragenion trifurcatae F. Prieto ex Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 13: 375. 1999.

Cymbalario muralis-Adiantetum capilli-veneris Rivas-Martínez, Wildpret, Del Arco, O. Rodríguez, Pérez de Paz, García Gallo, Acebes, T.E. Díaz & Fernández-González in Itinera Geobot. 7: 297, tb. 46. 1993 (28.2.5), should be included as synonymous of Adianto capilli-veneris-Parietarietum judaicae Segal, Ecological notes on wall vegetation: 159. 1969 (28.2.5).

Daboecio cantabricae-Ulicetum cantabrici (Br.-Bl. 1967) Rivas-Martínez in Lazaroa 1: 30. 1979 (excl. tb. 2) corr. Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 5: 368. 1991 (excl. tb. 64) (61.4. 4), sub Daboecio cantabricae-Ulicetum gallii (Br.-Bl. 1967) Rivas-Martínez 1979 ap. Itinera Geobot. 14: 137. 2001 (61.4.4) should be placed as synonymous of Ulici europaei-Ericetum vagantis Guinea, Vizcaya y su paisaje vegetal: 367, tb. 2. 1949 (61.4.14).

Dactylo marinae-Armerietum majoris Neto, Capelo, Caraça & J.C. Costa in Silva Lusit. 9(2): 268, tb. 1. 2001 (19.3.7). [Latterly published new association.]

Dauco-Melilotion Görs 1966 (34.4), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 72. 2001 in Agropyretalia repentis (34b), by its floristical and ecological characters seems to be better included in the order Artemisietalia vulgaris Lohmeyer in Tüxen 1947 (34a).

Desmazerio marinae-Medicaginetum inermis Curcó in Butll. Parc Nat. Delta de l'Ebre 5: 15, tb. 5. 1990 (50.7.2)

[Wrong Code application: invalid name lack of holotypus (art. 5). Sandy sligthy nitrophilous therophytic community of Vulpia fasciculata and Lagurus ovatus.]

Desmazerio marinae-Phleetum arenarii Herrera in Guineana 1: 240, tb. 56. 1995 (53.2.1), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 119. 2001 in Koelerion albescentis (53.2), should be moved to Linarion pedunculatae as (50.8.4).

Diantho broteroi-Launaetum laniferae Peñas, Cabello, F. Valle & Mota in Lazaroa 22: 103, tb. 5. 2001 (32.2.7) [Latterly published new association.]

Drabo estevei-Ononidetum striatae G. Navarro & J.A. Molina in Doc. Phytosoc. 19: 112, tb. 3. 2001 (52.7.5)

[Drabo aizoidis-Ononidetum striatae ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 117. 2001 (52.7.5). Latterly published new association.]

Elyno-Seslerietea Br.-Bl. in Inst. Esp. Edafol. Ecol. Fisiol. Veg. 9: 147. 1948 (45)

[Festuco-Seslerietea Barbéro & Bonin in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 116: 227. 1969 (syntax. syn.). Wrong Code application (art. 35).]

Epilobienion hirsuti Vigo in Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Sec. Bot. 44: 77. 1979.

Riverine very humid and nitrophilous megaforbic community, characterized by Epilobium hirsutum described by Vigo (1979) that should be incorporated in Convolvulion sepium Tüxen ex Oberdorfer 1957 as corresponding name as (40.5).

Epipactido helleborines-Fagetum sylvaticae (Rivas-Martínez 1962) Rivas-Martínez ex J.F. Pérez & T.E. Díaz in Lazaroa 7: 184. 1987 (76.1.11)

[Helleboro-Fagetum epipactidetosum Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 20: 119. 1962 (basion.), Epipactido helleborines-Fagetum Rivas-Martínez (1962) 1983 in Lazaroa 4: 163. 1983 (art. 5). Wrong syntaxon authors in the valid name.]

Erico terminalis-Nerietum oleandri Rivas Goday & Esteve ex Salazar, A. García & F. Valle in Acta Bot. Malacitana Bot. Malacitana 26: 122, tb. 7, holotypus rel. 4. 2001 (70.4.1)

[Erico-Nerietum galietosum viridiflori Rivas Goday & Esteve in Anales Real Acad. Farm. 38(3): 411, tb. 1. 1972 (art. 4a), Erico erigenae-Nerietum oleandri Rivas Goday & Esteve 1972 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 160. 2001 (art. 4a, 5). Wrong Code application].

Erico terminalis-Salicetum eleagni Salazar, A. García & F. Valle in Acta Bot. Malacitana Bot. Malacitana 26: 126, tb. 9. 2001. New dolomiticolous willow river association of mesomediterranean belt in the southern streams of the Malacitan-Almijarensean Sector. The name should be correxit because Salix eleagnos Scop. corresponds to Salix eleagnos subsp. angustifolia (Cariot) Rech. f. (Erico terminalis-Salicetum angustifoliae Salazar & al. 2001 corr. hoc loco), and the association seems to be better included in Salicion pedicellatae Galán & al. 1999 as (71.9.4).

Erodio castellani-Festucetum microphyllae G. Navarro & J.A. Molina in Doc. Phytosoc. 19: 113, tb. 4. 2001 (51.1.16)

[Galio idubedae-Brometum erecti ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 113. 2001 (51.1.16). Latterly published new association.]

Euphorbio pithyusae-Anthemidetum maritimae Llorens, Llop & Gil ass. nova hoc loco (19.2.1)

[Dactylido hispanicae-Anthemidetum maritimae ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 38. 2001. Change of name.]

Ferulo communis-Diplotaxietum virgatae Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs in Anales Estac. Exp. Aula Dei 5: 58, tb. 5. 1958 corr. O. Bolòs in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 44: 212. 1997. [Unintentionally omitted nitrophilous therophytic gypsicolous Monegrian association, that should be included in Hordeion leporini as (39.16.15), characterized by Diplotaxis virgata (Cav.) DC., Reseda phyteuma subsp. aragonensis (Loscos & J. Pardo in Willk.) Rivas Mart., Sisymbrium runcinatum Lag. ex DC. and Erodium malacoides subsp. aragonense (Loscos) O. Bolòs & Vigo.]

Festuco graniticolae-Echinospartetum pulviniformis Costa, Ten., Morla & Sáinz in Lazaroa 13: 144, tb. 1. 1993, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 167. 2001 in Cytision oromediterranei (74.5.4) should be removed into Genistion polygaliphyllae with the new number (65.3.13).

Festuco pruinosae-Armerietum euskadiensis Rivas-Martínez & C. Navarro in C. Navarro 1982 (20.6.7), was validly published only in the year 1983 in Lazaroa 4: 125. 1983, and not in the PhD multicopied manuscript of C. Navarro in 1982.

Fraxino orni-Aceretum granatensis Alcaraz, Ríos, Solanas & M.B. Crespo in Solanas, M.B. Crespo, Alcaraz & Ríos, Vegetación y cambios climáticos (F. Gómez Mercado & J.F. Mota, eds.): 321, tb. 2. 2001 (76.10.11). [Latterly published new association.]

Galio elongati-Caricetum acutiformis J.A. Molina & Curcó in Curco in Lazaroa 22: 73, tb. 5. 2001 (12.4.15). [Latterly published new association.]

Galio idubedae-Brometum erecti ass. nova, in Itinera Geobot. 14: 113. 2001 (51.1.16), should be eliminated because we lack now of adecuate information.

Galio idubedae-Nardetum strictae (Rivas Goday & Borja 1961) nom. nov. in Itinera Geobot. 14: 132. 2001 (60.1.5), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 132. 2001 in Carici macrostyli-Nardenion strictae (60.1a) should be moved to Campanulo herminii-Nardion strictae as (60.4.16).

Galio rotundifolii-Pinetum sylvestris Gruber in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. 133: 16. 1997 (74.3.9)

[Galio rotundifolii-Pinetum pyrenaicae Gruber 1997 corr. hoc loco. Association described in French North Pyrenees, recently recognized in Spanish Central North Pyrenees.]

Genisto sanabrensis-Juniperetum nanae F. Prieto in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 39(2): 511. 1983, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 167. 2001 in Cytision oromediterranei (74.5.5) should be removed into Juniperion nanae with the new number (77.3.6).

Geranio cinerei-Ranunculetum gouanii Gruber 1978 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 101. 2001 (45.2.6) was not previously validly published [M. Gruber (1978), La vegetation des Pyrenées ariègeoises et catalanes occidentales, These inedit., Université Aix-Marseille].

Glycerietum fluitantis Wilzek in Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 23: 3. 1935 (12.2.6), has a prioritary valid name: Glycerietum fluitantis Eggler in Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 73(1): 10. 1933.

Helianthemo almeriensis-Sideritidenion pusillae (Alcaraz, T.E. Díaz, Rivas-Martínez & P. Sánchez 1989) Rivas-Martínez suball. nova, stat. nov. hoc loco (64.11b) [New suballiance.]

Helichryso maritimi-Koelerietum glaucae Loriente, Veg. Fl. Playas Dunas Santander: 243, tb. 12. 1974 nom. mut. in Itinera Geobot. 14: 36. 2001 (16.5.1), is a faulty nomina mutata proposition (art. 45): the Atlantic sandy coastal Koeleria arenaria Dumort., is not synonymous of the inland Central European Koeleria glauca (Schrad.) DC.; but, on the contrary, Helichrysum stoechas var. maritimum Lange in Willk. & Lange seems to be a particular coastal sand dune ecotype.

Herniario boissieri-Festucetum hystricis Peñas, Cabello, F. Valle & Mota in Folia Geobot. 36: 351. 2001 (52.7.16). [Latterly published new association].

Iberido microcarpae-Stipetum offneri Rivas-Martínez, Lousã, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & J.C. Costa in Itinera Geobot. 4: 24. 1990 (56.1.10). [Unintentionally omitted association of calco-dolomiticolous shallow soils in thermomediterranean subhumid of Serra da Arrabida (Ribatagan-Sadensean Sector)].

Iberido saxatilis-Erinaceetum anthyllidis G. Navarro ass. nova hoc loco (52.7.18)

[Iberido ibericae-Erinaceetum anthyllidis G. Navarro in Opusc. Bot. Pharm. Complut. 5: 36, tb. 16. 1989 (art. 2c), excl. corr. (Addenda) et (art. 3f) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 146. 2001 as 64.5.12. Wrong Code application.]

Illecebro verticillati-Agrostietum pourretii Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 282. 1998, is based in Pulicario paludosae-Agrostietum pourretii chaetopogonetosum fasciculati Ruíz & A. Valdés in Studia Bot. 6: 27, tb. 2. 1988, but as the Spanish authors proposed, it seems better to consider the community only as a dryer subassociation of Pulicario-Agrostietum pourretii (9.3.3).

Irido sisyrinchii-Stipetum retortae O. Bolòs & Molinier in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(3): 784, tb. 11. 1958, (Irido-Stipetum capensis nom. mut. propos.) placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 110. 2001 in Stipion retortae as 50.10.5, should be moved to Trachynion distachyae as 50.13.21.

Isolepido setaceae-Centaurietum chloodis Rivas Goday ex Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 281. 1998 (holotypus rel. 2) is based in Isolepido-Centaurietum chloodis Rivas Goday in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 27: 255, tb. 1970 (art. 3b). If we accept the new association against the art. 2b, it should be included in Nanocyperion flavescentis Koch ex Libbert 1933 (9.5.11).

Juncenion squarrosi Oberdorfer, Suddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften: 325. 1957 (60.2b). Communities on wet and histic soils of supratemperate Atlantic and Subatlantic (dif. suball. Juncus squarrosus, Carex nigra, Gentiana pneumonanthe, Molinia caerulea, Pedicularis sylvatica, etc.) could be accepted in Cantabrian-Atlantic territories of Iberian Peninsula. Thus the Portuguese and Spanish syntaxonomy of Violion caninae Schwickerath, Pflanzensoziologie 6: 163. 1944 includes: 60.2a. Violenion caninae Peppler-Lisbach & Petersen in Syn. Pflanzengess. Deutch. Calluno-Ulicetea, 8(1): 24. 2001 [60.2.1. Jasiono laevis-Danthonietum decumbentis Loidi in Colecc. Tesis Doct. Univ. Complutense 83, 4: 97, tb. 29. 1983, 60.2.3. Serratulo tinctoriae-Nardetum strictae Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer, in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 32: 178, tb. 57. 1958 nom. mut. (sub. Serratulo seoanei-Nardetum)], and 60.2b. Juncenion squarrosi Oberdorfer, Suddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften: 325. 1957 [60.2.2. Nardo strictae-Caricetum binervis Br.-Bl. & Tüxen in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 25: 352, tb. 50. 1952 (Merendero pyrenaicae-Nardetum Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 32: 182, tb. 57. 1958 (art. 3b).]. [Suballiance accepted in our territory.]

Junipero hemisphaericae-Echinospartetum horridi O. Bolòs & P. Montserrat ex Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1969 (52.6.3)

[Echinosparto horridi-Lavanduletum pyrenaicae O. Bolòs & P. Montserrat 1984 (syntax. syn.). Wrong year citation in synonymous.]

Koelerio gracilis-Avenuletum mirandanae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. & Moor 1938 corr. O. Bolòs in Carreras, Carrillo, X. Font, Ninot & Vigo in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 156. 1983 (51.4.6), placed in Artemisio albae-Dichanthion (51.4) should be removed into Chamaespartio-Agrostienion capillaris Vigo 1982 (51.1b) as (51.1.23).

Koelerio pyramidatae-Lavanduletum pyrenaicae I. Soriano in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 47: 126, tb. 62. 2001, could be included as a mesic variant of Ononido striatae-Anthyllidetum montanae Vives in Acta Geobot. Barcinon. 1: 162, tb. 14. 1964 (50.2.3)

Lavatero davaei-Suaedetum verae O. Bolòs, Folch & Vigo in O. Bolòs in Folia Bot. Misc. 6: 121, tb. 2, holotypus rel. 9. 1989 (23.4.4)

[Lavatero davaei-Suaedetum verae O. Bolòs, Folch & Vigo ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 46. 2001 (23.4.4) nomen superfluum (art. 18b, 29c). Wrong interpretation of the protologue.]

Limonietum retuso-formenterae L. Llorens in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 42(2): 477, tb. 7. 1986 (23.5.8) was not validly published because one of the name-giving taxon: Limonium formenterae L. Llorens in Lazaroa 8: 72. 1987 was published one year latter than association (art. 3l). The new association name is Limonietum retuso-biflori L. Llorens hoc loco (typus and description in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 42(2): 447, tb. 7, holotypus rel. 1. 1986) since Limonium formenterae L. Llorens has as priority name Limonium biflorum (Pignatti) Pignatti in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64: 368. 1971.

Limonio-Anabasietum limonietosum estevei Esteve & F. Casas in Cuad. Ci. Biol. 2(2): 102. 1973

[Limonietum estevei (Esteve & F. Casas 1973) ass. nova in Itinera Geobot. 14: 151. 2001 (64.12.4) (64.12.3)]

Lectotypus hoc loco, l.c. rel. 3 [Almería: Coast between Carboneras and Mojacar, Lomos Cantal. 3 m, S, 100 m2]. Characteristic species: 2 Limonium estevei, 1 Limonium cymuliferum, + Anabasis articulata, + Anthyllis cytisoides, + Frankenia corymbosa, + Limonium insigne, + Salsola papillosa, + Teucrium eriocephalum, + Thymus hyemalis. Companion species: + Asparagus horridus, + Launaea arborescens, + Limonium echioides, + Lygeum spartum, + Ononis hispanica, + Sporobolus arenarius, + Stipa tenacissima.

Similar to Limonio insignis-Anabasietum hispanicae (64.12.4), well differentiated by its particular mesologic environment and by the special local Almeriensian endemic Limonium estevei, living in a narrow band about ten kilometers wide, not far from the coast, in the vertic marls and schists with micas and graphite from the district of Cabrera-Mojacar, in the lower thermomediterranean belt, upper arid, semihyperoceanic without freeze, belonging to the vegetation series of the Mayteno-Periploco angustifoliae sigmetum, where it grows on sandy textured lithosols rich in chloride ions and perhaps heavy metals. [F. Alcaraz].

Limonio binervosi-Armerietum depilatae T.E. Díaz & F. Prieto ass. nova hoc loco (20.5.5) [New association.]

Limonio quesadensis-Lygeetum sparti A. García in A. García, Salazar, J. Torres, Cano & F. Valle in Journ. Arid Envir. 48: 328, tb. 2. 2001 (56.2.5). [Latterly published new association.]

Limonio serotini-Juncetum maritimi Teles ex Izco, P. Guitián & J.M. Sánchez in Lazaroa 13: 153. 1993 (20.4.2), should be accepted as a valid name and consequently a syntax. syn. of Junco maritimi-Caricetum extensae Géhu in Coll. Phytosociol. 4: 441. 1976 (Izco 2001).

Linario donyanae-Loeflingietum baeticae Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Costa, Castroviejo, Rivas-Martínez & E. Valdés in Coll. Phytosociol. 6: 106, tb. 1. 1978 (50.6.3)

[Lectotypus hoc loco, l.c., tb. 1, rel. 1, Huelva: Coto de Doñana, Sabinar de Marqués, 0.5 m2. Linario donyanae-Loeflingietum baeticae Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Lazaroa 2: 90. 1980 apud Itinera Geobot. 14: 109. 2001 (art. 5, 22, 31). Wrong citation of the correct valid name.]

Lino appressi-Genistetum rigidissimae Rivas-Martínez 1967 corr. G. Navarro in Opusc. Bot. Pharm. Complut. 5: 40. 1989 (64.5.13), should be changed of the author correction by Lino appressi-Genistetum rigidissimae Rivas-Martínez 1967 corr. F. Casas & Susanna in Treb. Inst. Bot. Barcelona 10: 64. 1985.

Loto castellani-Agrostietum pourretii Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 282. 1998 (holotypus rel. 4), is based in Pulicario-Agrostietum pourretii Rivas Goday 1956 sensu Sánchez-Mata, Flora Veg. Macizo Oriental Sierra Gredos: 77, tb. 11. 1989, but it seems clear as Sánchez-Mata has suggested, that it corresponds to the standard Pulicario-Agrostietum pourretii (9.3.3).

Loto hispidi-Chaetopogonetum fasciculati Rivas-Martínez & Costa in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Lazaroa 2: 27, tb. 11. 1980 (9.4.7) nom. mut., placed in Cicendion (9.4), should be removed into Agrostion pourretii Rivas Goday 1958 nom. mut. as (9.3.4).

Lupino angustifolii-Lavanduletum stoechadis Franquesa in Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Caltalans 109: 92, tb. 1. 1995 (62.1.6) (art. 37)

[Lupino angustifolii-Lavanduletum stoechadis Franquesa 1995 (62.1.6) (syntax. syn.) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 139. 2001. Wrong Code application.]

Luzulo carpetanae-Nardetum strictae G. Navarro & J.A. Molina in Doc. Phytosoc. 19: 112, tb. 2. 2001 (60.4.16). [Latterly published new association.]

Luzulo henriquesii-Aceretum pseudoplatani F. Prieto & Bueno in T. E. Díaz & F. Prieto in Itinera Geobot. 8: 294, tb. 4. 1994 (76.14.5), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 184. 2001 in Betulion fontqueri-celtibericae (76.14) should be moved to Luzulo henriquesii-Quercenion petraeae as (76.8.10).

Lycopodio clavati-Juniperetum nanae Br.-Bl., P. Silva & Rozeira in Rivas-Martínez in Anales Real Acad. Farm. 40(1): 69. 1974, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 167. 2001 in Cytision oromediterranei (74.5.6) should be removed into Juniperion nanae with the number (77.3.7).

Lythro flexuosi-Crypsietum schoenoidis Rivas-Martínez in Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., Secc. Biol. 64: 363, tb. 1. 1966 (9.6.7) nom. mut., placed in Verbenion supinae Slavnic 1951 should be removed into Lythrion tribracteati Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez ex Rivas Goday 1970 as (9.7.3).

Lythro salicariae-Caricetum ripariae Cirujano, Medina & Cobo in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58(1): 201. 2000 (12.4.16). [Latterly published new association which has as syntaxonomycal synonym Galio elongati-Caricetum ripariae Molina & Curcó ex Curcó in Lazaroa 22: 74. 2001.]

Melampyro-Holcetalia Passarge 1979 (43b) should be included as syntax. syn. of Origanetalia vulgaris Müller 1962 (43a).

Mercuriali ambiguae-Succowietum balearicae O. Bolòs, Folch & Vigo in O. Bolòs 1989 corr. Juan & M.B. Crespo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 26: 221. 2001 (41.3.7)

[Mercuriali annuae-Succowietum balearicae O. Bolòs, Folch & Vigo in O. Bolòs in Folia Bot. Misc. 6: 125, tb. 5. 1989, in Itinera Geobot. 14: 96. 2001 (41.3.7). Correction recently published.]

Mercuriali perennis-Fraxinetum excelsioris F. Prieto & Vázquez in Lazaroa 7: 377, tb. 5. 1987 (76.4.5), placed in Pulmonario longifoliae-Quercion roboris (76.4) should be removed into Tilio-Acerion as (76.2.5).

Mnio horni-Vandenboschietum speciosae T.E. Díaz, M.C. Fernández & Collado ass. nova hoc loco (30.3.4) [New association.]

Molinio-Holoschoenion Br.-Bl. ex Tchou in Vegetatio 1: 19. 1948 (59.7)

[In the alliance we recognize two suballiances: 59.7a. Molinio-Holoschoenenion Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Lazaroa 2: 102. 1980 (holotypus: Holoschoenetum vulgaris Br.-Bl. ex Tchou in Vegetatio 1: 19. 1948) in rich soils mostly central, northern and eastern Iberian Peninsula, that include the associations: 59.7.1., 59.7.2., 59.7.3., 59.7.4., 59.7.5., 59.7.6., 59.7.8., 59.7.9., 59.7.10., 59.7.11., 59.7.14., 59.7.15., 59.7.16., 59.7.18., 59.7.19., 59.7.20., 59.7.21., 59.7.22., 59.7.23., 59.7.25., and 59.7b. Brizo-Holoschoenenion (Rivas Goday 1964) Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo & E. Valdés in Lazaroa 2: 100. 1980 (Brizo-Holoschoenion Rivas Goday, Fl. Veg. Guadiana: 263. 1964, Brizo-Holoschoenion Rivas Goday & Borja in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 19: 232. 1961 (art. 3b), whose elected lectotypus hoc loco is: Trifolio resupinati-Holoschoenetum Rivas Goday, Fl. Veg. Guadiana: 263, tb. 2. 1964) in poor siliciceous soils mostly central, western and southern Iberian Peninsula and Canarian, that include the associations: 59.7.7., 59.7.12., 59.7.13., 59.7.17., 59.7.24., 59.7.26., 59.7.27.; diferenciated by Agrostis reuteri, Festuca ampla, Galium debile, Linum tenue, Trifolium phleoides and Trifolium resupinatum.]

Mucizonio hispidae-Galietum valantiae Rivas Goday, Veg. Fl. Cuenca Extr. Guadiana: 113, tb. 3. 1964 (28.1.7) placed in Parietario-Galion muralis (28.1) should be removed into Rumici indurati-Dianthion lusitani as (32.3.13) with the name Sedo mucizoniae-Galietum verrucosi Rivas Goday 1964 nom. mut. propos. (art. 45) because the correct used taxon name should be Sedum mucizonia (Ortega) Raym.-Hamet and not Mucizonia hispida DC. ex Batt. & Trab.; and Galium verrucosum Huds. against Galium valantia Weber.

Myrtillo-Quercetum roboris P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1950 corr. Br.-Bl., P. Silva & Rozeira in Agron. Lusit. 18(3): 179. 1956 (76.7.17)

[Myrtillo-Quercetum broteroanae P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes in Agron. Lusit. 12(3): 435, tb. 1. 1950 (art. 43), Vaccinio myrtilli-Quercetum roboris P. Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1950, nom. mut. propos. in Itinera Geobot. 14: 180. 2001 (Addenda) (76.7.17). Wrong nomen mutatum propositum of the syntaxon name because the specific epithet was validly published as generic name Myrtillus Bubani (art. 14, example e)].

Onobrychidenion hispanicae Royer ex Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 13: 387. 1999 (51.1c).

[In our present conception of the Pyrenean and Oroiberian basophilous supratemperate xerophytic grassland, Onobrychidenion hispanicae should be placed as a corresponding name inside the alliance Teucrio pyrenaicae-Bromion erecti Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 13: 388. 1999 (51.2).

Onopordetum acantho-castellani ass. nova hoc loco (34.10.10)

[Onopordetum acantho-nervosi Rivas-Martínez 1987 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 75. 2001 (art. 7). Wrong code application.]

Onopordetum acauli (Br.-Bl. 1948) Vigo & Carreras in Carreras, Carrillo, Font, Masalles, Ninot, I. Soriano & Vigo in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 44: 185. 1997 (34.8.6), placed in Cirsion richteriano-chodati (34.8) should be removed into Onopordion acanthii as (34.7.5).

Parietarietum judaicae Arènes ex Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Négre, Group. Vég. France Médit.: 27. 1952 corr. hoc loco (sub Parietarietum murale (Arènes 1929) Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 1, 2b, 34) (28.1.9)

[In this extended anthropogenic wall association, meso-supramediterranean pluviseasonal and thermo-mesotemperate oceanic, at least Mediterranean and Cantabrian-Atlantic, should be included: Parietarietum judaicae K. Buchwald, Berich über die Exkursion des Institutes für angewandte Botanik der Universität von 30.5-9.6.1952 in die oberitalienischen Seen und die Riviera Levante: 36. 1952 (syntax. syn.), Linario cymbalariae-Parietarietum ramiflorae Pignatti in Archiv. Bot. 28, 3 ser. 12(4): 316, tb. 10. 1952 (syntax. syn.), Hyosciamo albi-Parietarietum judaicae Segal, Ecological notes on wall vegetation: 154. 1969, Parietario judaicae-Chelidonietum majoris O. Bolòs & Masalles, Mapa de la vegetació de Catalunya, esc. 1: 50.000, Mem. num. 33: 99. 1983 (syntax. syn.).]

Parietario lusitanicae-Geranietum purpurei Alcaraz, Garre, Martínez-Parras & Peinado in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 16(2): 416, tb. 1. 1986, accepted in Itinera Geobot. 14: 97. 2001 as 41.3.9, should be considered synonymous of Soncho dianae-Parietarietum lusitanicae Esteve , Veget. Fl. prov. Murcia: 85. 1973 (41.3.11).

Petrocoptidetum wiedmannii Ladero, T.E. Díaz, Penas, Rivas-Martínez & C. Valle in Itinera Geobot. 1: 70. 1987 (29.4.4)

[Unintentionally omitted association of calcareous over hanged walls spread in euoceanic mesotemperate humid belt of Ubinnean-Picoeuropean and Ovetensean subsectors, characterized by the endemic Petrocoptis pyrenaica subsp. wiedmannii.]

Phlomido-Brachypodion retusi G. Mateo, Publ. Ministerio Agricultura, Ser. Monogr. 31: 190. 1983 (56.1), is an invalid name (art. 5) and not only a latter published name (art. 22) as Itinera Geobot. 14: 121. 2001 proposed. (56.1)

Pimpinello gracilis-Festucetum nevadensis Peñas, Cabello, F. Valle & Mota in Folia Geobot. 36(4): 369. 2001 (52.7.17). [Latterly published new association].

Pinguiculo longifoliae-Androsacetum cylindricae F. Casas in Ars. Pharm. 11: 278. 1970 (29.3.11)

[Pinguiculo longifoliae-Androsacetum cylindricae F. Casas 1972 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 61. 2001. Wrong year of publication.]

Pino acutisquamae-Juniperion phoeniceae A.V. Pérez & Cabezudo in A.V. Pérez, P. Navas, D. Navas, Y. Gil & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 23: 153. 1998 corr. hoc loco (75.14), has been validly published by A.V. Pérez & al. (1998: 153) and consequently the proposition of the same alliance in Itinera Geobot. 14: 176. 2001 is wrong and superfluous. In our conception the alliance contain the close shrubby communities that can have an open canopy (sabine formations, open pine forest) which are the head of the magnesicolous, calco-dolomiticolous or serpentinicolous edaphoxerophilous series (permanent communities) in thermo, meso and lower supramediterranean dry to humid bioclimatic belts in Betic Biogeographic Province; the characteristic species are: Pinus pinaster subsp. acutisquama, Rhamnus myrtifolius and Rhamnus velutinus.

Pistacio lentisci-Oleetum cerasiiformis Del Arco, Salas, Acebes, Marrero, Reyes & Pérez de Paz in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 32. 2002 (80.1.13). [Latterly published new association.]

Plantagini penyalarensis-Festucetum ibericae G. Navarro & J.A. Molina in Doc. Phytosoc. 19: 109, tb. 1. 2001 (60.4.13)

[Plantagini penyalarensis-Festucetum ibericae ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 133. 2001 (60.4.13). Latterly published new association.]

Poo annuae-Spergularietum marinae Herrera, Aedo, T.E. Díaz & F. Prieto in Acta Bot. Malacitana 13: 331, tb. 2. 1988 (38.4.5) nom. mut. (sub. Poo-Spergularietum salinae Herrera & al., l.c. 1988), placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 82. 2001 in Polycarpion tetraphylli (38.4) should be removed into Saginion maritimae Westhoff, Van Leeuwen & Adriani 1962 with the new number 22.1.3.

Pteridio aquilini-Ericetum vagantis Vanden Berghen in Coll. Phytosociol. 1: 91-96. 1975 (61.4.16)

[Syn.: Vaccinio myrtilli-Ulicetum gallii (Loidi 1983) Loidi, García-Mijangos, Herrera, Berastegi & Darquistade in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 32: 266. 1997 (art. 22, 25) (61.4.16) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 138. 2001. Wrong Code aplication by omission. syn.: Daboecio-Ulicetum europaei ulicetosum gallii Br.-Bl. in Vegetatio 14(1-4): 77, tb. 27. 1967 p. min. p. in Itinera Geobot. 14: 137. 2001 as (61.4.4), excl. lectotypus ap. Rivas-Martínez in Lazaroa 1: 30. 1979 (ap. Loidi & al., in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 32: 262. 1997), sub Daboecio-Ulicetum gallii ulicetosum gallii (Br.-Bl. 1967) Rivas-Martínez in Lazaroa 1: 30. 1979.]

Pteridio pubescentis-Ericenion azoricae Rivas-Martínez, Lousã, F. Prieto, J.C. Costa, Días & Aguiar suball. nova hoc loco (73.1b)

[Pteridio aquilini-Ericenion azoricae, holotypus: Pteridio aquilini-Ericetum azoricae ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 164. 2001 (73.1b). Lack of new syntaxon authors indication.]

Pteridio pubescentis-Ericetum azoricae ass. nova hoc loco (73.1.4)

[Pteridio aquilini-Ericetum azoricae ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 164. 2001. Correction of the name.]

Puccinellietum caespitosae Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 13: 393, tb. 24. 1956 (20.3.4)

[Puccinellietum caespitosae Rivas Goday 1955 corr. (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 40. 2001 (20.3.4). Wrong translated of syntaxon authors.]

Quercetum rotundifoliae Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs in Vives, Publ. Univ. Barcelona Fac. Ci., Homenaje a F. Pradillo Vaquer: 200. 1956 (75.1.14), has been also published validly with identical name during the same year: Quercetum rotundifoliae Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs in O. Bolòs in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 31: 85. 1956, with a synoptic table of five releves, since O. Bolòs in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 44: 218. 1997 prefered the Vives" name we must accept that decission (art. 33).

Radiolo linoidis-Isoetetum durieui Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 282. 1998 (holotypus rel. 4), is based in Isoetetum durieui Br.-Bl. 1936 sensu O. Bolòs, Molinier & Montserrat in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 5: 90, tb. 8. 1970, but it seems better, as O. Bolòs & al. (l.c.) suggested, to consider (if we do not apply art. 2b) it as syntaxonomical synonym of Isoetetum durieui Br.-Bl. 1936 (9.1.3).

Ranunculetum saniculifolii ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 18. 2001 (3.3.8) proposed by Pizarro & Melendo seems possible to be considered as the same association as Callitricho stagnalis-Ranunculetum saniculifolii Galán in A.V. Pérez, Galán, P. Navas, D. Navas, Y. Gil & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 24: 160, tb. 11, rel. 1-18. 1999 (3.3.4). In any case the Galán"s table is very confuse: many of the releves are Callitriche stagnalis "populations", the table has two times of that specie (one Callitriche cribosa Schots. ?) and only three releves have Ranunculus saniculifolius; consistently it should be possible in the future to be considered as nomen dubium (art. 37).

Ranunculo acetosellifolii-Vaccinietum nani Quézel 1953 (60.3.5), is a nomen inversum (art. 42) and not nomem correxit (art. 43) as it has been erroneusly proposed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 133. 2001; the original Quézel's name is Vaccinio nani-Ranunculetum acetosellifolii Quézel in Mem. Soc. Brot. 9: 54, tb. 16. 1953.

Ranunculo granatensis-Cochlearietum megalospermae Salazar, Lorite, Cano & F. Valle in Stud. Geobot. 20: 22, tb. 3. 2001 (59.7.28). [Latterly published new association.]

Ranunculo scelerati-Paspaletum paspalodis Rivas Goday 1964 corr. Peinado, Bartolomé, Martínez-Parras & Andrade in Acta Bot. Barcinon. 37: 311. 1988 (59.10.7)

[Ranunculo scelerati-Paspaletum paspalodis Rivas Goday 1964 corr. Peinado, Bartolomé, Martínez-Parras & Ollala 1988 in Itinera Geobot. 14: 130. 2001 (59.10.7). Wrong translation of syntaxon authors.]

Ranunculo thorae-Seslerietum caeruleae Vigo ex Rivas-Martínez ass. nova hoc loco (45.2.7)

[Ranunculo thorae-Seslerietum caeruleae Vigo in Folia Bot. Misc. 1: 8. 1979 (art. 5), name accepted in Itinera Geobot. 14: 101. 2001. Wrong Code application.]

Rhamno velutini-Maytenetum europaei Peinado, Alcaraz & Martínez-Parras in Flora et Vegetatio Mundi 10: 174. 1992 (75.5.19), the lower thermomediterranean dry calco-dolomiticolous permanent community of Malagan-Almijarensean coastal territories has as nomenclatural synonym Calicotomo intermediae-Maytenetum senegalensis Cabezudo & A.V. Pérez in Acta Bot. Malacitana 26: 229. 2001.

Rhamno velutini-Quercetum cocciferae Nieto, A.V. Pérez & Cabezudo in Lazaroa 10: 38, tb. 2. 1988, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 171. 2001 as synonym of Asparago albi-Rhamnetum oleoidis Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday, Borja, Esteve, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 17(2): 320, tb. 2. 1960 (75.5.2), should be removed and placed as synonymous of Rhamno myrtifolii-Juniperetum phoeniceae Molero & Pérez-Raya in Lazaroa 7: 306, tb. 1. 1987 (75.14.2).

Rhinantho mediterranei-Rhaponticetum cynaroidis O. Bolòs in Arch. Natur. Landschafts. 10: 139, tb. 1. 1970 (45.1.6), placed in Primulion intricatae in Itinera Geobot. 14: 101. 2001 and now proposed as Rhinantho mediterranei-Leuzeetum cynaroidis O. Bolòs 1970 nom. mut. propos. (art. 45), should be moved to Festucion spadiceae as (52.4.5).

Rubetum caesio-canescentis ass. nova (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 157. 2001 (66.2.4), erroneusly placed in Pruno-Rubenion ulmifolii should be considered synonymous of Rubetum caesio-canescentis Ríos & Alcaraz in Ríos 1996 nom. ined. in Itinera Geobot. 14: 157. 2001 (66.2.11) nom. inval. (art. 1), association validly published now by the same authors.

Rubo-Buxetum sempervirentis Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 32: 254, tb. 78. 1958 (66.2.14) (Rubus-Buxus sempervirens ass. Tüxen, l.c.) is obviously synonymous and homonym of Buxo sempervirentis-Rubetum ulmifolii Tüxen in Tüxen & Oberdorfer 1958 (66.2.15), but as the protologue is too complex and the Rubus and Rosa preponderant species are not determined, should be better considered the association as nomen dubium (art. 37).

Rupicapnetum decipientis A.V. Pérez, Cabezudo & Nieto in Acta Bot. Malacitana 20: 311, tb. 1. 1995 (29.2.4)

Rupicapnetum "africanae" A.V. Pérez, Cabezudo & Nieto in Acta Bot. Malacitana 20: 310, tb. 1. 1995, as characteristics species in text is specified: Rupicapnos africana subsp. decipiens, consequently the name is not a latter homonym (art. 31) and so a nomen novum is not necessary (art. 39): Rupicapnetum decipientis (A.V. Pérez, Cabezudo & Nieto 1995) A.V. Pérez & Galán in Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 234. 1997.

Salicion discolori-neotrichae Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs in Anales Estac. Exp. Aula Dei 5: 205. 1958 corr. hoc loco (71.6)

[In this Iberian and Catalan-Valencian alliance should be placed the associations (71.5.2) Salicetum cantabricae as 71.6.3. and (71.5.3) Saponario-Salicetum purpureae as 71.6.4.]

Salicion pyrenaicae Vigo ex Rivas-Martínez all. nova hoc loco (45.2), has the same content that the invalid alliance Laserpitio-Ranunculion thorae Vigo in Folia Bot. Misc. 1: 8. 1979 (art. 8) accepted by us (45.2) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 101. 2001. [New alliance.]

Salsolo-Carthamion Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez, Estudio y clasificación de los pastizales españoles: 109. 1963 (Carthamo arborescentis-Salsolion oppositifoliae (37.2) was not validly published (art. 3a) since was proposed as "nova comb." of Salsolo-Peganion Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1954 p.p. and Salsolo-Fagonion Rivas Goday & Rigual 1958 prov. Years later Rigual (1972: 98) accepted Salsolo-Carthamion as a particular alliance based only in Carthamo arborescentis-Ballotetum hispanicae Rivas Goday & Rigual in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 16: 540, tb. 29. 1958, today placed in Onopordion castellani as 38.10.5. The valid name for the alliance 37.2. is Salsolo oppositifoliae-Suaedion fruticosae Rigual in Publ. Inst. Est. Alicantinos 2(1): 98. 1972 and its obliged lectotype (art. 20) is Salsolo oppositifoliae-Suaedetum fruticosae Rivas Goday & Rigual in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 16: 534, tb. 25. 1958.

Salvio candelabri-Sideritetum foetentis Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 25: 103, tb. 20. 1969 (65.9.8)

[Unintentionally omitted association, upper thermomediterranean semiarid calciphilous Almeriensian. We chose as lectotypus association the releve num. 5, tb. 20 (l.c.), from Cerros del Piorno (Enix, Almería), alt. 700 m, exp. South, that belongs to the Ephedro fragilis-genistetosum retamoidis (rectae: genistetosum retamoidis). The association name should be Salvio candelabri-Sideritetum lasianthae nom. mut. propos. (art. 45), because the correct used taxon name is Sideritis lasiantha A. Juss. ex Pers. (1806) prioritarious to Sideritis foetens Clemente ex Lag. (1816).]

Sarcocapno enneaphyllae-Antirrhinetum mollissimi F. Casas in Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplicada 50: 49, tb. 1. 1971, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 60. 2001 in Sarcocapnion enneaphyllae (29.1.9) should be removed into Sarcocapnion pulcherrimae with the number (29.2.9).

Saturejo malacitanae-Coridothymetum capitati Cabezudo & A.V. Pérez in Acta Bot. Malacitana 26: 233, tb. 3. 2001, should be integrated as syntaxonomical synonym of Teucrio lusitanici-Coridothymetum capitati (Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1969) Asensi & Díez Garretas in Doc. Phytosoc. 11: 266. 1989 (64.2.8) [Teucrio lusitanici-Coridothymetum baeticum Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 25: 115. 1969 (art. 34).]

Saxifrago longifoliae-Petrocoptidetum pyrenaicae Rivas-Martínez, Báscones, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 5: 381, tb. 67. 1991, not included in Itinera Geobot. 14: 61. 2001, should be placed as synonymous of Petrocoptidetum pyrenaicae F. Casas in Ars. Pharm. 11: 273. 1970 (29.3.7) as Peralta & Báscones in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 54(1): 514. 1996 suggested.

Scirpetum maritimi-compacti Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre, Group. Vég. France Médit.: 92. 1952

[This name was proposed by Braun-Blanquet (l.c. pg. 294) for the same association (l.c. pg. 92) under the name Scirpetum maritimi Br.-Bl. 1931 (art. 8), consequently the authority of O. Bolòs, El Paisaje vegetal barcelonés: 85. 1962 is superfluous.]

Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendretum baetici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo 2000 corr. (Addenda) (75.13.13) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 176. 2001. Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendretum baetici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo 2000 corr. Rivas-Martínez & Sánchez-Mata in Lazaroa 21: 152. 2001, should be designated again as Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendretum pontici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 25: 201. 2000, because one of the localities that Linnaeus mentioned in the type of Rhododendron ponticum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 562. 1762 was Algeciras (Spain) and corresponds with the type area listed in the protologue of Rhododendron baeticum Boiss. & Reut. in Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 118. 1856 (see G. López, 2001); then, Rhododendron ponticum and Rhododendron baeticum are the same taxon. Consistently Rhododendrenion baetici Rivas-Martínez & Sánchez-Mata in Lazaroa 21: 151. 2001 (holotypus: Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendretum pontici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 25: 201, tb. 1, rel. 17. 2000) should be designated Rhododendrenion pontici Rivas-Martínez & Sánchez-Mata 2001 nom. mut. (art. 45) as (75.13b)

Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendrion pontici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo in A.V. Pérez & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 26: 226. 2001 (December) has as nomenclatural type Scrophulario laxiflorae-Rhododendretum pontici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 25: 201. 2000 (75.13.13), that is the same type as Rhododendrenion pontici Rivas-Martínez & Sánchez-Mata in Lazaroa 21: 151. 2001 (March), therefore they are homotypical synonymous (75.13b). In any case we consider as synonymous both syntaxa at suballiance level in the jurisdiction of Arbuto unedonis-Laurion nobilis Rivas-Martínez, Fernández-González & Loidi in Itinera Geobot. 13: 400. 1999, and consistently Rhododendretalia pontici A.V. Pérez, Galán & Cabezudo in A.V. Pérez & Cabezudo in Acta Bot. Malacitana 26: 226. 2001 as syntaxonomic synonym of Pistacio-Rhamnetalia alaterni Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 31(2). 213. 1975.

Senecioni castellani-Lygeetum sparti Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez & Costa 1976 corr. De la Torre, M.A. Alonso & Vicedo in Anales Biol. Univ. Murcia 22: 113. 2000 (23.8.3)

[Senecioni castellani-Lygeetum sparti Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez & Costa 1976 corr. (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 47. 2001 (23.8.3). Correction latterly published.]

Sideritido incanae-Lavanduletum lanatae Alcaraz, P. Sánchez, De la Torre, Ríos & J. Alvarez, Guía Geobotánica de la Excursión de las XI Jornadas de Fitosociología (Murcia): 68. 1991, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 152. 2001 in Lavandulion lanatae (64.15.5) should be removed into Lavandulo-Echinospartion boissieri with the number (64.4.6).

Sisymbrello-Isolepidetum setaceae (Vigo 1968) Brullo & Minissale in Itinera Geobot. 11: 282. 1998 (lectotypus rel. 4), is based in Nanojuncetum valentinum Vigo in Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 37: 210, tb. 39. 1968. But the type-releve and the rest of the table on which it is based are so complex that its assignement to any today distinguished association does not seem possible, and so we consider the name as nomem dubium (art. 37).

Soncho tenerrimi-Salsoletum vermiculatae O. Bolòs & Molinier in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(3): 847, tb. 31, (lectotypus rel. 1, hoc loco) 1958 (37.1.11), a coastal thermic Balearic (Mallorca) association, placed in Salsolo-Peganion Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs 1954 (37.1) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 77. 2001, should be better included in Carthamo-Salsolion oppositifoliae Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martínez 1963 as (37.2.10).

Sphagno pylaesii-Caretum verticillati J. Rodríguez, Izco & Ramil in Acta Bot. Gallica 148(3): 210. 2001 (14.1.4). [Latterly published new association.]

Stipo bromoidis-Brachypodietum phoenicoidis Rivas Goday, Veg. Fl. Cuenca Extr. Guadiana: 395, tb. 59. 1964 (51.8.9). [Unintentionally omitted association of calcareous Araceno-Pacense subhumid territory.]

Suaedo braun-blanquetii-Tamaricetum canariensis Rivas-Martínez, Cantó & Sánchez-Mata ass. nova hoc loco (70.3.6). [New association.]

Teucrio salviastri-Echinospartetum pulviniformis Rivas-Martínez 1974 corr. Rivas-Martínez in Anales Real Acad. Farm. 47(4): 470, tb. 19. 1981, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 167. 2001 in Cytision oromediterranei (74.5.8) should be removed into Genistion polygaliphyllae with the number (65.3.14).

Thelypterido limbospermae-Betuletum pubescentis Rivas-Martínez 1987 corr. (Addenda) in Itinera Geobot. 14: 183. 2001 (76.13.2), should be named Lastreo limbospermae-Betuletum pubescentis Rivas-Martínez in Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplicada 45: 101. 1968 in Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplicada 44: 23, tb. 4, rel. 26. 1968 nom. mut. propos., Thelypterido-Betuletum Rivas-Martínez in Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplicada 44: 21, tb. 4. 1968 (art. 3b), Thelypterido-Betuletum carpaticae Rivas-Martínez 1987 corr. in Mem. Mapa Series Veg. España: 160. 1987. [Wrong interpretation of original valid name.]

Thymo moroderi-Teucrietum libanitidis Rivas Goday & Rigual in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez ex Peinado, Alcaraz & Martínez-Parras in Vegetatio Mundi 10: 234. 1992 (64.10.4), should be accepted as the first valid name of the association because they choise "lectotype" (holotypus) and give a name (art. 5) whithin the original diagnosis of the ass. Thymus longiflorus-ciliatus et Teucrium verticillatum Rivas Goday & Rigual in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 14: 477, tb. 7. 1957, that it is an illegitimate name by the three plant species mentioned in the original diagnosis (art. 10). The priority proposition of Alcaraz, P. Sánchez, De la Torre, Ríos & J. Alvarez, Datos Veg. Murcia: 74. 1991, as Thymo moroderi-Teucrietum libanitidis is non valid because they do not mention (art. 5) the nomenclatural type of the illegitimate association name of Rivas Goday & al. (1957: 477). Consecuently , the first legitimate change of rank (art. 27) of the valid alliance Thymo-Teucrion verticillati Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 14: 475. 1957 (Thymo moroderi-Teucrienion libanitidis) is also Peinado & al. (1992: 232) and not Alcaraz & al. (1991: 74) as we wrongly accepted in Itinera Geobot. 14: 149. 2001.

Thymo-Teucrion verticillati Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 14: 475. 1957 (64.10), seems better at the suballiance rank: Thymo-Teucrienion verticillati (Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday, Borja, Monasterio, Galiano, Rigual & Rivas-Martínez 1957) Peinado, Alcaraz & Martínez-Parras in Vegetatio Mundi 10: 232. 1992 (64.9d) (as Thymo moroderi-Teucrienion libanitidis).

Typho-Schoenoplectetum tabernaemontani Br.-Bl. & O. Bolòs in Anales Estac. Exp. Aula Dei 5: 81. 1958 (12.1.5), was published under this name, and we obviously can not applied the art. 45 as proposed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 27. 2001.

Triseto flavescentis-Brachypodietum phoenicoidis A. & O. Bolòs in O. Bolòs in Veröff. Ber. Geobot. Inst. E.T.H. Stiffung Rübel 31: 81. 1956 (51.3.9)

[Com. de Brachypodium phoenicoides y Trisetum flavescens A. & O. Bolòs, Veg. Com. Barcelonesas: 109. 1950 (art. 2c). Unintentionally omited association of mesic siliceous deep soils of Vallesan-Empordanese north exposed coastal mountains.]

Umbilico gaditani-Asplenietum marini Rivas-Martínez, Lousã, F. Prieto, J.C. Costa, Días & Aguiar ass. nova hoc loco (28.4.4) [New association.]

Umbilico violacei-Asplenietum corunnensis P. Silva 1970 corr. Rivas-Martínez & Izco hoc loco (27.18.1)

[Cheilantho-Asplenietum cuneifolii P. Silva 1965 p.p. nom. inval. (art. 1), Umbilico-Asplenietum cuneifolii P. Silva in Agron. Lusit. 3-4: 288, tb. 7. 1970 (art. 43), Cheilantho-Asplenietum corunnensis P. Silva 1970 corr. Ortiz & J. Rodríguez 1993 (art. 29), Asplenietum corunnensis ass. nova in Itinera Geobot. 14: 56. 2001 (27.18.1). Wrong Code application. Lectotypus associatio: P. Silva in Agron. Lusit. 3-4: 288, tb. 7, rel. 6. 1970 (sub Umbilico-Asplenietum cuneifolii P. Silva 1970). [Bragança, Donai, Penas do Moral, fissuras de rochas serpentinas, alt. 800 m., N.]. Characteristic species: 4 Asplenium corunnense (sub. Asplenium cuneifolium), 2 Umbilicus rupestris f. violaceus. Companion species: 1 Cerastium brachypetalum subsp. tauricum, 1 Micropyrum tenellum, + Centranthus calcitrapae, + Petrorhagia nanteuilii.]

Vaccinio myrtilli-Juniperetum nanae Rivas-Martínez in Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 22: 377. 1965, placed in Itinera Geobot. 14: 167. 2001 in Cytision oromediterranei (74.5.9) should be removed into Juniperion nanae with the new number (77.3.8).

Veronico aragonensis-Bordereetum pyrenaicae Gruber, Thèse Fac. Sc. Techn. St. Jerôme: 60, tb. 8. 1978 (inedit), should be included in Aquilegio pyrenaicae-Bordereetum pyrenaicae Quézel in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(1): 182, tb. 3. 1956 (33.1.3) [J.L. Benito].

Viburno tini-Quercetum rivasmartinezii Rivas-Martínez, Lousã, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & J.C. Costa 1990 corr. Capelo & J.C. Costa in Silva Lusit. 9(2): 271. 2001 (75.3.12). [Correction name (art. 43) recently proposed for Viburno tini-Quercetum cocciferae Rivas-Martínez, Lousã, T.E. Díaz, Fernández-González & J.C. Costa in Itinera Geobot. 3: 54. 1990, because Quercus coccifera L. belongs to Quercus coccifera subsp. rivasmartinezii Capelo & J.C. Costa in Silva Lusit. 9(2): 270. 2001.]